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SUBMITTED RESOLUTIONS
(Senate - June 20, 2012)

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[Pages S4373-S4374]
                         SUBMITTED RESOLUTIONS

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 SENATE RESOLUTION 500--CELEBRATING THE ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF TITLE IX OF 
THE EDUCATION AMENDMENTS OF 1972, ALSO KNOWN AS THE PATSY TAKEMOTO MINK 
    EQUAL OPPORTUNITY IN EDUCATION ACT, AND RECOGNIZING THE NEED TO 
 CONTINUE PURSUING THE GOAL OF EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL 
                            WOMEN AND GIRLS

  Mrs. MURRAY (for herself, Ms. Snowe, Mr. Akaka, Mr. Baucus, Mr. 
Bennet, Mr. Bingaman, Mr. Blumenthal, Mrs. Boxer, Mr. Brown of 
Massachusetts, Mr. Brown of Ohio, Mr. Casey, Ms. Cantwell, Mr. Coons, 
Mr. Enzi, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Franken, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mrs. Hagan, Mr. 
Harkin, Mrs. Hutchison, Mr. Inouye, Mr. Kerry, Mr. Kirk, Ms. Landrieu, 
Mr. Leahy, Mr. Merkley, Ms. Mikulski, Mr. Sanders, Mr. Schumer, Mrs. 
Shaheen, Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Tester, Mr. Udall of Colorado, Mr. Wyden, 
Mr. Lieberman, Ms. Collins, Mr. Lautenberg, Mr. Isakson, Ms. Murkowski, 
Ms. Ayotte, Mrs. McCaskill, and Ms. Klobuchar) submitted the following 
resolution; which was considered and agreed to:

                              S. Res. 500

       Whereas 40 years ago, on June 23, 1972, title IX of the 
     Education Amendments of 1972 (in this preamble referred to as 
     ``title IX'') (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) was signed into law by 
     the President of the United States;
       Whereas Representatives Patsy T. Mink and Edith Green led 
     the successful fight in Congress to pass this legislation;
       Whereas, on October 29, 2002, title IX was named the 
     ``Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act'' in 
     recognition of Representative Mink's heroic, visionary, and 
     tireless leadership in developing and passing title IX;
       Whereas title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of 
     sex in the administration of any education program receiving 
     Federal financial assistance, including sports, and bars 
     sexual and sex-based harassment, discrimination against 
     pregnant and parenting students, and the use of stereotypes 
     and other barriers to limit a person's access to a particular 
     educational field;
       Whereas remarkable gains have been made to ensure equal 
     opportunity for women and girls under the inspiration and 
     mandate of title IX;
       Whereas title IX has increased educational opportunities 
     for women and girls, including their access to professional 
     schools and nontraditional fields of study, and has improved 
     their employment opportunities;

[[Page S4374]]

       Whereas title IX has increased opportunities for women and 
     girls in sports, leading to greater access to competitive 
     sports and building strong values such as teamwork, 
     leadership, discipline, work ethic, self-sacrifice, pride in 
     accomplishment, and strength of character;
       Whereas, while title IX has been instrumental in fostering 
     40 years of progress toward equality between men and women in 
     educational institutions and the workplace, there remains 
     progress to be made;
       Whereas, in the 2010-2011 school year, girls were provided 
     1,300,000 fewer opportunities to play high school sports than 
     boys;
       Whereas, in 2010, at the typical Division I Football Bowl 
     Subdivision school, 51 percent of the students were women, 
     but female athletes received only 28 percent of the total 
     money spent on athletics, 31 percent of the money spent to 
     recruit new athletes, and 42 percent of the total athletic 
     scholarship funds;
       Whereas research shows that more than 8 out of 10 
     successful businesswomen played organized sports as children;
       Whereas, for girls who engage in sports, 80 percent are 
     less likely to have a drug problem and 92 percent are less 
     likely to have an unwanted pregnancy;
       Whereas title IX seeks to protect students from sexual 
     harassment and defend pregnant and parenting students from 
     discrimination;
       Whereas stereotypes and discriminatory barriers in the 
     fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
     persist and contribute to the low numbers of women and girls 
     in those fields;
       Whereas, in 2009, women comprised only 19 percent of 
     students receiving baccalaureate degrees in physics, 18 
     percent of students receiving baccalaureate degrees in 
     computer science, 16 percent of students receiving 
     baccalaureate degrees in engineering and engineering 
     technologies, and 22 percent of students receiving master's 
     or doctorate degrees in engineering and engineering 
     technologies; and
       Whereas, while title IX has resulted in significant gains 
     for women and girls in education, the law's full promise of 
     equal educational opportunities for all women and girls has 
     not yet been fulfilled: Now, therefore, be it
       Resolved, That the Senate--
       (1) celebrates the accomplishments resulting from the 
     passage of title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, also 
     known as the Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in 
     Education Act, in increasing opportunities for women and 
     girls in many facets of education, including the magnificent 
     accomplishments of women and girls in sports;
       (2) reaffirms the commitment of title IX to ending all 
     discrimination against women and girls in elementary, 
     secondary, and higher education, and to equal opportunities 
     for women and girls in athletics; and
       (3) recognizes the continued importance of title IX in 
     providing needed protections for women and girls.

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