Text: S.1881 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)

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[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 1881 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

                                                       Calendar No. 288
113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1881

    To expand sanctions imposed with respect to Iran and to impose 
   additional sanctions with respect to Iran, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

            December 20 (legislative day, December 19), 2013

   Mr. Menendez (for himself, Mr. Kirk, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Graham, Mr. 
 Cardin, Mr. McCain, Mr. Casey, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Coons, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. 
Blumenthal, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Begich, Mr. Corker, Mr. Pryor, Ms. Collins, 
Ms. Landrieu, Mr. Moran, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Roberts, Mr. Warner, Mr. 
Johanns, Mrs. Hagan, Mr. Cruz, Mr. Donnelly, Mr. Blunt, Mr. Booker, Ms. 
Murkowski, Mr. Manchin, Mr. Coats, Mr. Vitter, Mr. Risch, Mr. Isakson, 
  and Mr. Boozman) introduced the following bill; which was read the 
                               first time

                           December 20, 2013

            Read the second time and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
    To expand sanctions imposed with respect to Iran and to impose 
   additional sanctions with respect to Iran, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Nuclear Weapon 
Free Iran Act of 2013''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Sense of Congress on nuclear weapon capabilities of Iran.
             TITLE I--EXPANSION AND IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS

Sec. 101. Applicability of sanctions with respect to petroleum 
                            transactions.
Sec. 102. Ineligibility for exception to certain sanctions for 
                            countries that do not reduce purchases of 
                            petroleum from Iran or of Iranian origin to 
                            a de minimis level.
Sec. 103. Imposition of sanctions with respect to ports, special 
                            economic zones, and strategic sectors of 
                            Iran.
Sec. 104. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
                            to, certain Iranian individuals.
Sec. 105. Imposition of sanctions with respect to transactions in 
                            foreign currencies with or for certain 
                            sanctioned persons.
Sec. 106. Sense of Congress on prospective sanctions.
                   TITLE II--ENFORCEMENT OF SANCTIONS

Sec. 201. Sense of Congress on the provision of specialized financial 
                            messaging services to the Central Bank of 
                            Iran and other sanctioned Iranian financial 
                            institutions.
Sec. 202. Inclusion of transfers of goods, services, and technologies 
                            to strategic sectors of Iran for purposes 
                            of identifying Destinations of Diversion 
                            Concern.
Sec. 203. Authorization of additional measures with respect to 
                            Destinations of Diversion Concern.
Sec. 204. Sense of Congress on increased staffing for agencies involved 
                            in the implementation and enforcement of 
                            sanctions against Iran.
                 TITLE III--IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS

Sec. 301. Suspension of sanctions to facilitate a diplomatic solution.
                      TITLE IV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 401. Exception for Afghanistan reconstruction.
Sec. 402. Exception for import restrictions.
Sec. 403. Applicability to certain intelligence activities.
Sec. 404. Applicability to certain natural gas projects.
Sec. 405. Rule of construction with respect to the use of force against 
                            Iran.
                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. Categories of aliens for purposes of refugee determinations.

SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NUCLEAR WEAPON CAPABILITIES OF IRAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Government of Iran continues to expand the nuclear 
        and missile programs of Iran in violation of multiple United 
        Nations Security Council resolutions.
            (2) The Government of Iran has a decades-long track record 
        of violating commitments regarding the nuclear program of Iran 
        and has used diplomatic negotiations as a subterfuge to advance 
        its nuclear weapons program.
            (3) Iran remains the world's foremost state sponsor of 
        terrorism, having directed, supported, and financed acts of 
        terrorism against the United States and its allies that have 
        resulted in the thousands of deaths, including the deaths of 
        United States citizens and members of the Armed Forces of the 
        United States.
            (4) The Government of Iran and its terrorist proxies, 
        particularly Lebanese Hezbollah, continue to provide military 
        and financial support to the regime of Bashar al-Assad in 
        Syria, aiding that regime in the mass killing of the people of 
        Syria.
            (5) The Government of Iran continues to sow instability in 
        the Middle East and threaten its neighbors, including allies of 
        the United States, such as Israel.
            (6) The Government of Iran denies its people fundamental 
        freedoms, including freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, 
        freedom of religion, and freedom of conscience.
            (7) Strict sanctions on Iran, imposed by the United States 
        and the international community, are responsible for bringing 
        Iran to the negotiating table.
            (8) President Hassan Rouhani of Iran has in the past 
        admitted to using diplomatic negotiations to buy time for Iran 
        to make nuclear advances.
            (9) Based on Iran's current stockpile of uranium enriched 
        to 3.5 percent and 20 percent and its current centrifuge 
        capacity, Iran could produce a sufficient quantity of weapons-
        grade uranium for a bomb in one to 2 months' time.
            (10) If the Government of Iran commences the operation of 
        its heavy water reactor in Arak, it could establish an 
        alternate pathway to a nuclear weapon through the production of 
        plutonium.
            (11) As of the date of the enactment of this Act, 19 
        countries access nuclear energy for peaceful purposes without 
        conducting any enrichment or reprocessing activities within 
        those countries.
            (12) The Government of Iran could likewise access nuclear 
        energy for peaceful purposes without conducting any enrichment 
        or reprocessing activities within Iran.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Government of Iran must not be allowed to develop 
        or maintain nuclear weapon capabilities;
            (2) all instruments of power and influence of the United 
        States should remain on the table to prevent the Government of 
        Iran from developing nuclear weapon capabilities;
            (3) the Government of Iran does not have an absolute or 
        inherent right to enrichment and reprocessing capabilities and 
        technologies under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of 
        Nuclear Weapons, done at Washington, London, and Moscow July 1, 
        1968, and entered into force March 5, 1970 (commonly known as 
        the ``Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty'');
            (4) the imposition of sanctions under this Act, including 
        sanctions on exports of petroleum from Iran, is triggered by 
        violations by Iran of any interim or final agreement regarding 
        its nuclear program, failure to reach a final agreement in a 
        discernible time frame, or the breach of other conditions 
        described in section 301;
            (5) if the Government of Israel is compelled to take 
        military action in legitimate self-defense against Iran's 
        nuclear weapon program, the United States Government should 
        stand with Israel and provide, in accordance with the law of 
        the United States and the constitutional responsibility of 
        Congress to authorize the use of military force, diplomatic, 
        military, and economic support to the Government of Israel in 
        its defense of its territory, people, and existence;
            (6) the United States should continue to impose sanctions 
        on the Government of Iran and its terrorist proxies for their 
        continuing sponsorship of terrorism; and
            (7) the United States should continue to impose sanctions 
        on the Government of Iran for--
                    (A) its ongoing abuses of human rights; and
                    (B) its actions in support of Bashar al-Assad in 
                Syria.

             TITLE I--EXPANSION AND IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS

SEC. 101. APPLICABILITY OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PETROLEUM 
              TRANSACTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1245(d)(4)(D)(i) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)(4)(D)(i)) is 
amended--
            (1) in subclause (I), by striking ``reduced reduced its 
        volume of crude oil purchases from Iran'' and inserting 
        ``reduced the volume of its purchases of petroleum from Iran or 
        of Iranian origin''; and
            (2) in subclause (II), by striking ``crude oil purchases 
        from Iran'' and inserting ``purchases of petroleum from Iran or 
        of Iranian origin''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 1245(h) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(h)) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Iranian origin.--The term `Iranian origin', with 
        respect to petroleum, means extracted, produced, or refined in 
        Iran.
            ``(4) Petroleum.--The term `petroleum' includes crude oil, 
        lease condensates, fuel oils, and other unfinished oils.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 102(b) of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8712(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``crude oil purchases from Iran'' 
                and inserting ``purchases of petroleum from Iran or of 
                Iranian origin''; and
                    (B) by striking ``as amended by section 504,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``crude oil purchases'' 
        and inserting ``purchases of petroleum from Iran or of Iranian 
        origin''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to determinations under section 1245(d)(4)(D)(i) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8513a(d)(4)(D)(i)) on or after the date that is 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 102. INELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTION TO CERTAIN SANCTIONS FOR 
              COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT REDUCE PURCHASES OF PETROLEUM FROM 
              IRAN OR OF IRANIAN ORIGIN TO A DE MINIMIS LEVEL.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to 
seek to ensure that all countries reduce their purchases of crude oil, 
lease condensates, fuel oils, and other unfinished oils from Iran or of 
Iranian origin to a de minimis level by the end of the 1-year period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Ineligibility for Exceptions to Sanctions.--Section 
1245(d)(4)(D) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)(4)(D)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
                            ``(iii) Ineligibility for exception.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--A country that 
                                purchased petroleum from Iran or of 
                                Iranian origin during the one-year 
                                period preceding the date of the 
                                enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free 
                                Iran Act of 2013 may continue to 
                                receive an exception under clause (i) 
                                on or after the date that is one year 
                                after such date of enactment only--
                                            ``(aa) if the country 
                                        reduces its purchases of 
                                        petroleum from Iran or of 
                                        Iranian origin to a de minimis 
                                        level by the end of the one-
                                        year period beginning on such 
                                        date of enactment; or
                                            ``(bb) as provided in 
                                        subclause (II) or (III).
                                    ``(II) Countries that dramatically 
                                reduce purchases.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--A 
                                        country that would otherwise be 
                                        ineligible pursuant to 
                                        subclause (I)(aa) to receive an 
                                        exception under clause (i) may 
                                        continue to receive such an 
                                        exception during the one-year 
                                        period beginning on the date 
                                        that is one year after the date 
                                        of the enactment of the Nuclear 
                                        Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013 if 
                                        the country--

                                                    ``(AA) dramatically 
                                                reduces by at least 30 
                                                percent its purchases 
                                                of petroleum from Iran 
                                                or of Iranian origin 
                                                during the one-year 
                                                period beginning on 
                                                such date of enactment; 
                                                and

                                                    ``(BB) is expected 
                                                to reduce its purchases 
                                                of petroleum from Iran 
                                                or of Iranian origin to 
                                                a de minimis level 
                                                within a defined period 
                                                of time that is not 
                                                longer than 2 years 
                                                after such date of 
                                                enactment.

                                            ``(bb) Termination of 
                                        exception.--If a country that 
                                        continues to receive an 
                                        exception under clause (i) 
                                        pursuant to item (aa) does not 
                                        reduce its purchases of 
                                        petroleum from Iran or of 
                                        Iranian origin to a de minimis 
                                        level by the date that is 2 
                                        years after the date of the 
                                        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon 
                                        Free Iran Act of 2013, that 
                                        country shall not be eligible 
                                        for such an exception on or 
                                        after the date that is 2 years 
                                        after such date of enactment.
                                    ``(III) Reinstatement of 
                                eligibility for exception.--A country 
                                that becomes ineligible for an 
                                exception under clause (i) pursuant to 
                                subclause (I) or (II) shall be eligible 
                                for such an exception in accordance 
                                with the provisions of clause (i) on 
                                and after the date on which the 
                                President determines the country has 
                                reduced its purchases of petroleum from 
                                Iran or of Iranian origin to a de 
                                minimis level.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1245(d)(4)(D)(i) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8513a(d)(4)(D)(i)) is amended in the matter preceding subclause (I) by 
striking ``Sanctions imposed'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
clause (iii), sanctions imposed''.

SEC. 103. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PORTS, SPECIAL 
              ECONOMIC ZONES, AND STRATEGIC SECTORS OF IRAN.

    (a) Findings.--Section 1244(a)(1) of the Iran Freedom and Counter-
Proliferation Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8803(a)(1)) is amended by striking 
``and shipbuilding'' and inserting ``shipbuilding, construction, 
engineering, and mining''.
    (b) Expansion of Designation of Entities of Proliferation 
Concern.--Section 1244(b) of the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation 
Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8803(b)) is amended by striking ``in Iran and 
entities in the energy, shipping, and shipbuilding sectors'' and 
inserting ``, special economic zones, or free economic zones in Iran, 
and entities in strategic sectors''.
    (c) Expansion of Entities Subject to Asset Freeze.--Section 1244(c) 
of the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8803(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``the date that is 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``the date that is 180 days after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``the date 
                that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of the 
                Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013'';
                    (B) by striking ``the energy, shipping, or 
                shipbuilding sectors'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``a strategic sector''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``, special economic zone, or free 
                economic zone'' after ``port'' each place it appears; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Strategic sector defined.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In this section, the term 
                `strategic sector' means--
                            ``(i) the energy, shipping, shipbuilding, 
                        and mining sectors of Iran;
                            ``(ii) except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (B), the construction and engineering sectors 
                        of Iran; and
                            ``(iii) any other sector the President 
                        designates as of strategic importance to Iran.
                    ``(B) Exception for construction and engineering of 
                schools, hospitals, and similar facilities.--For 
                purposes of this section, a person engaged in the 
                construction or engineering of schools, hospitals, or 
                similar facilities (as determined by the President) 
                shall not be considered part of a strategic sector of 
                Iran.
                    ``(C) Notification of strategic sector 
                designation.--The President shall submit to Congress a 
                notification of the designation of a sector as a 
                strategic sector of Iran for purposes of subparagraph 
                (A)(iii) not later than 5 days after the date on which 
                the President makes the designation.''.
    (d) Additional Sanctions With Respect to Strategic Sectors.--
Section 1244(d) of the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 
2012 (22 U.S.C. 8803(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``the date that is 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the date that is 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the energy, shipping, 
        or shipbuilding sectors'' and inserting ``a strategic sector''.
    (e) Sale, Supply, or Transfer of Certain Materials to or From 
Iran.--Section 1245 of the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act 
of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8804) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``the date that is 180 days after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``the date 
                that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of the 
                Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(i)(I), by striking ``the 
                energy, shipping, or shipbuilding sectors'' and 
                inserting ``a strategic sector (as defined in section 
                1244(c)(4))''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``the date that is 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''.
    (f) Provision of Insurance to Sanctioned Persons.--Section 
1246(a)(1) of the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 
(22 U.S.C. 8805(a)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act'' and inserting ``the date that is 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 
        2013''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``the energy, 
        shipping, or shipbuilding sectors'' and inserting ``a strategic 
        sector (as defined in section 1244(c)(4))''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1244 of the Iran Freedom and 
Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8803), as amended by 
subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``the energy, 
        shipping, and shipbuilding'' and inserting ``certain ports, 
        economic zones, and'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Ports and Entities in the Energy, Shipping, and 
        Shipbuilding Sectors of Iran'' and inserting ``Certain 
        Entities'';
            (3) in subsection (c), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Entities in Energy, Shipping, and Shipbuilding 
        Sectors'' and inserting ``Certain Entities''; and
            (4) in subsection (d), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``the Energy, Shipping, and Shipbuilding'' and 
        inserting ``Strategic''.

SEC. 104. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT 
              TO, CERTAIN IRANIAN INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) Expansion of Individuals Identified.--Section 221(a) of the 
Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8727(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) an individual who engages in activities for or on 
        behalf of the Government of Iran that enables Iran to evade 
        sanctions imposed by the United States with respect to Iran;
            ``(4) an individual acting on behalf of the Government of 
        Iran who is involved in corrupt activities of that Government 
        or the diversion of humanitarian goods, including agricultural 
        commodities, food, medicine, and medical devices, intended for 
        the people of Iran; or
            ``(5) a senior official--
                    ``(A) of an entity designated for the imposition of 
                sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency 
                Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) in 
                connection with--
                            ``(i) Iran's proliferation of weapons of 
                        mass destruction or delivery systems for 
                        weapons of mass destruction; or
                            ``(ii) Iran's support for acts of 
                        international terrorism; and
                    ``(B) who was involved in the activity for which 
                the entity was designated for the imposition of 
                sanctions.''.
    (b) Expansion of Senior Officials Described.--Section 221(b) of the 
Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8727(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) a senior official of--
                    ``(A) the Office of the Supreme Leader of Iran;
                    ``(B) the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran;
                    ``(C) the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran;
                    ``(D) the Council of Ministers of Iran;
                    ``(E) the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces 
                Logistics of Iran;
                    ``(F) the Ministry of Justice of Iran;
                    ``(G) the Ministry of Interior of Iran;
                    ``(H) the prison system of Iran; or
                    ``(I) the judicial system of Iran.''.
    (c) Blocking of Property.--Section 221 of the Iran Threat Reduction 
and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8727) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Blocking of Property.--
            ``(1) Officials and other actors.--In the case of an 
        individual described in paragraph (1), (3), (4), or (5) of 
        subsection (a) who is on the list required by that subsection, 
        the President shall block and prohibit all transactions in all 
        property and interests in property of that individual if such 
        property or interests in property are in the United States, 
        come within the United States, or are or come within the 
        possession or control of a United States person.
            ``(2) Family members.--In the case of an individual 
        described in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) who is on the list 
        required by that subsection, the President shall block and 
        prohibit a transaction in property or an interest in property 
        of that individual if the property or interest in property--
                    ``(A) was transferred to that individual from an 
                individual described in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) 
                who is on the list required by that subsection; and
                    ``(B) is in the United States, comes within the 
                United States, or is or comes within the possession or 
                control of a United States person.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 221 of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8727), as 
amended by subsections (a), (b), and (c), is further amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting 
        ``identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
        to, certain iranian individuals'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``the date of the 
        enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``the date of the 
        enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''; and
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (e)''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 221 and inserting 
the following:

``Sec. 221. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
                            to, certain Iranian individuals.''.

SEC. 105. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO TRANSACTIONS IN 
              FOREIGN CURRENCIES WITH OR FOR CERTAIN SANCTIONED 
              PERSONS.

    (a) In General.--Title II of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8721 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by inserting after section 221 the following:

                     ``Subtitle C--Other Matters'';

            (2) by redesignating sections 222, 223, and 224 as sections 
        231, 232, and 233, respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after section 221 the following:

``SEC. 222. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO TRANSACTIONS IN 
              FOREIGN CURRENCIES WITH CERTAIN SANCTIONED PERSONS.

    ``(a) Imposition of Sanctions.--The President--
            ``(1) shall prohibit the opening, and prohibit or impose 
        strict conditions on the maintaining, in the United States of a 
        correspondent account or a payable-through account by a foreign 
        financial institution that knowingly conducts or facilitates a 
        transaction described in subsection (b)(1); and
            ``(2) may impose sanctions pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) with 
        respect to any other person that knowingly conducts or 
        facilitates such a transaction.
    ``(b) Transactions Described.--
            ``(1) In general.--A transaction described in this 
        subsection is a significant transaction conducted or 
        facilitated by a person related to the currency of a country 
        other than the country with primary jurisdiction over the 
        person with, for, or on behalf of--
                    ``(A) the Central Bank of Iran or an Iranian 
                financial institution designated by the Secretary of 
                the Treasury for the imposition of sanctions pursuant 
                to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act; or
                    ``(B) a person described in section 1244(c)(2) of 
                the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 
                (22 U.S.C. 8803(c)(2)) (other than a person described 
                in subparagraph (C)(iii) of that subsection).
            ``(2) Primary jurisdiction.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
        a country in which a person operates shall be deemed to have 
        primary jurisdiction over the person only with respect to the 
        operations of the person in that country.
    ``(c) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to a 
transaction described in subsection (b)(1) conducted or facilitated--
            ``(1) on or after the date that is 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013 
        pursuant to a contract entered into on or after such date of 
        enactment; and
            ``(2) on or after the date that is 180 days after such date 
        of enactment pursuant to a contract entered into before such 
        date of enactment.
    ``(d) Inapplicability to Humanitarian Transactions.--The President 
may not impose sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to any 
person for conducting or facilitating a transaction for the sale of 
agricultural commodities, food, medicine, or medical devices to Iran or 
for the provision of humanitarian assistance to the people of Iran.
    ``(e) Waiver.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President may waive the application 
        of subsection (a) with respect to a person for a period of not 
        more than 180 days, and may renew that waiver for additional 
        periods of not more than 180 days, if the President--
                    ``(A) determines that the waiver is important to 
                the national interest of the United States; and
                    ``(B) not less than 15 days after the waiver or the 
                renewal of the waiver, as the case may be, takes 
                effect, submits a report to the appropriate 
                congressional committees on the waiver and the reason 
                for the waiver.
            ``(2) Form of report.--Each report submitted under 
        paragraph (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but 
        may contain a classified annex.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Financial institution; iranian financial 
        institution.--The terms `financial institution' and `Iranian 
        financial institution' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513b(d)).
            ``(2) Transaction.--The term `transaction' includes a 
        foreign exchange swap, a foreign exchange forward, and any 
        other type of currency exchange or conversion or derivative 
        instrument.''.
    (b) Additional Definitions.--Section 2 of the Iran Threat Reduction 
and Syria Human Rights Act (22 U.S.C. 8701) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as 
        paragraphs (5), (6), and (9), respectively;
            (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Account; correspondent account; payable-through 
        account.--The terms `account', `correspondent account', and 
        `payable-through account' have the meanings given those terms 
        in section 5318A of title 31, United States Code.
            ``(2) Agricultural commodity.--The term `agricultural 
        commodity' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of 
        the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
            ``(3) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        `appropriate congressional committees' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            ``(4) Domestic financial institution; foreign financial 
        institution.--The terms `domestic financial institution' and 
        `foreign financial institution' have the meanings determined by 
        the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 104(i) of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
        Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(i)).''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (6), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1), the following:
            ``(7) Medical device.--The term `medical device' has the 
        meaning given the term `device' in section 201 of the Federal 
        Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            ``(8) Medicine.--The term `medicine' has the meaning given 
        the term `drug' in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
        Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 is amended by striking the 
items relating to sections 222, 223, and 224 and inserting the 
following:

``Sec. 222. Imposition of sanctions with respect to transactions in 
                            foreign currencies with certain sanctioned 
                            persons.
                      ``Subtitle C--Other Matters

``Sec. 231. Sense of Congress and rule of construction relating to 
                            certain authorities of State and local 
                            governments.
``Sec. 232. Government Accountability Office report on foreign entities 
                            that invest in the energy sector of Iran or 
                            export refined petroleum products to Iran.
``Sec. 233. Reporting on the importation to and exportation from Iran 
                            of crude oil and refined petroleum 
                            products.''.

SEC. 106. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROSPECTIVE SANCTIONS.

    It is the sense of Congress that, if additional sanctions are 
imposed pursuant to this Act and the Government of Iran continues to 
pursue an illicit nuclear weapons program, Congress should pursue 
additional stringent sanctions on Iran, such as sanctions on entities 
providing the Government of Iran access to assets of the Government of 
Iran held outside Iran, sanctions on Iran's energy sector, including 
its natural gas sector, and sanctions on entities providing certain 
underwriting, insurance, or reinsurance to the Government of Iran.

                   TITLE II--ENFORCEMENT OF SANCTIONS

SEC. 201. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PROVISION OF SPECIALIZED FINANCIAL 
              MESSAGING SERVICES TO THE CENTRAL BANK OF IRAN AND OTHER 
              SANCTIONED IRANIAN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the President has been engaged in intensive diplomatic 
        efforts to ensure that sanctions against Iran are imposed and 
        maintained multilaterally to sharply restrict the access of the 
        Government of Iran to the global financial system;
            (2) the European Union is to be commended for strengthening 
        the multilateral sanctions regime against Iran by prohibiting 
        all persons subject to the jurisdiction of the European Union 
        from providing specialized financial messaging services to the 
        Central Bank of Iran and other sanctioned Iranian financial 
        institutions;
            (3) in order to continue to sharply restrict access by Iran 
        to the global financial system, the President and the European 
        Union must continue to expeditiously address any judicial, 
        administrative, or other decisions in their respective 
        jurisdictions that might weaken the current multilateral 
        sanctions regime, including decisions regarding the designation 
        of financial institutions and global specialized financial 
        messaging service providers for sanctions; and
            (4) existing restrictions on the access of Iran to global 
        specialized financial messaging services should be maintained.

SEC. 202. INCLUSION OF TRANSFERS OF GOODS, SERVICES, AND TECHNOLOGIES 
              TO STRATEGIC SECTORS OF IRAN FOR PURPOSES OF IDENTIFYING 
              DESTINATIONS OF DIVERSION CONCERN.

    (a) In General.--Section 302(b) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8542(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; or'' 
                        and inserting a semicolon;
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``; and'' 
                        and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iv) strategic sectors; and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking ``; or'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) that will be sold, transferred, or otherwise made 
        available to a strategic sector of Iran.''.
    (b) Strategic Sector Defined.--Section 301 of the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8541) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (14) as paragraph (15); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following:
            ``(14) Strategic sector.--The term `strategic sector' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 1244(c)(4) of the Iran 
        Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012.''.
    (c) Submission of Report.--Section 302(a) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8542(a)) is amended by striking ``180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``90 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013''.

SEC. 203. AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL MEASURES WITH RESPECT TO 
              DESTINATIONS OF DIVERSION CONCERN.

    (a) In General.--Section 303(c) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8543(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Licensing requirement.--Not later than''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Additional measures.--The President may--
                    ``(A) impose restrictions on United States foreign 
                assistance or measures authorized under the 
                International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
                1701 et seq.) with respect to a country designated as a 
                Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a) 
                if the President determines that those restrictions or 
                measures would prevent the diversion of goods, 
                services, and technologies described in section 302(b) 
                to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries; or
                    ``(B) prohibit the issuance of a license under 
                section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                2778) for the export to such a country of a defense 
                article or defense service for which a notification to 
                Congress would be required under section 36(b) of that 
                Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(b)).
            ``(3) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 
        2013, and every 90 days thereafter, the President shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees a report--
                    ``(A) identifying countries that have allowed the 
                diversion through the country of goods, services, or 
                technologies described in section 302(b) to Iranian 
                end-users or Iranian intermediaries during the 180-day 
                period preceding the submission of the report;
                    ``(B) identifying the persons that engaged in such 
                diversion during that period; and
                    ``(C) describing the activities relating to 
                diversion in which those countries and persons 
                engaged.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 303 of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8543) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``Licensing Requirement'' and inserting ``Licensing 
        and Other Measures''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(1)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(1)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``is it'' and 
                inserting ``it is''.

SEC. 204. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASED STAFFING FOR AGENCIES INVOLVED 
              IN THE IMPLEMENTATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF SANCTIONS 
              AGAINST IRAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) when the President submits the President's budget for 
        fiscal year 2015 to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
        United States Code, the President should, in that budget, 
        prioritize--
                    (A) resources for the Office of Foreign Assets 
                Control for the Department of Treasury dedicated to the 
                implementation and enforcement of sanctions with 
                respect to Iran; and
                    (B) resources for the Department of State dedicated 
                to the implementation and enforcement of sanctions with 
                respect to Iran; and
            (2) the appropriate committees of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives should prioritize the resources described in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) during consideration 
        of authorization and appropriations legislation in future 
        fiscal years.

                 TITLE III--IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS

SEC. 301. SUSPENSION OF SANCTIONS TO FACILITATE A DIPLOMATIC SOLUTION.

    (a) Suspension of New Sanctions.--
            (1) In general.--The President may suspend the application 
        of sanctions imposed under this Act or amendments made by this 
        Act for a 180-day period beginning on the earlier of the date 
        of the enactment of this Act or the date on which the President 
        submits a notification described in paragraph (5) to the 
        appropriate congressional committees, if the President makes 
        the certification described in paragraph (2) to the appropriate 
        congressional committees every 30 days during that period.
            (2) Certification described.--A certification described in 
        this paragraph is a certification that--
                    (A) Iran is complying with the provisions of the 
                Joint Plan of Action and any agreement to implement the 
                Joint Plan of Action;
                    (B) Iran has agreed to specific and verifiable 
                measures to implement the Joint Plan of Action;
                    (C) Iran is transparently, verifiably, and fully 
                implementing the Joint Plan of Action and any agreement 
                to implement the Joint Plan of Action;
                    (D) Iran has not breached the terms of or any 
                commitment made pursuant to the Joint Plan of Action or 
                any agreement to implement the Joint Plan of Action;
                    (E) Iran is proactively and in good faith engaged 
                in negotiations toward a final agreement or arrangement 
                to terminate its illicit nuclear activities, related 
                weaponization activities, and any other nuclear 
                activity not required for a civilian nuclear program;
                    (F) the United States is working toward a final 
                agreement or arrangement that will dismantle Iran's 
                illicit nuclear infrastructure to prevent Iran from 
                achieving a nuclear weapons capability and permit daily 
                verification, monitoring, and inspections of suspect 
                facilities in Iran so that an effort by Iran to produce 
                a nuclear weapon would be quickly detected;
                    (G) any suspension of or relief from sanctions 
                provided to Iran pursuant to the Joint Plan of Action 
                is temporary, reversible, and proportionate to the 
                specific and verifiable measures taken by Iran with 
                respect to terminating its illicit nuclear program and 
                related weaponization activities;
                    (H) Iran has not directly, or through a proxy, 
                supported, financed, planned, or otherwise carried out 
                an act of terrorism against the United States or United 
                States persons or property anywhere in the world;
                    (I) Iran has not conducted any tests for ballistic 
                missiles with a range exceeding 500 kilometers; and
                    (J) the suspension of sanctions is vital to the 
                national security interests of the United States.
            (3) Renewal of suspension.--Following the 180-day period 
        described in paragraph (1), the President may renew a 
        suspension of sanctions under that paragraph for 2 additional 
        periods of not more than 30 days if, for each such renewal, the 
        President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
                    (A) a certification described in paragraph (2) that 
                covers the 30 days preceding the certification; and
                    (B) a certification that a final agreement or 
                arrangement with Iran to fully and verifiably terminate 
                its illicit nuclear program and related weaponization 
                activities is imminent and that Iran will, pursuant to 
                that agreement or arrangement, dismantle its illicit 
                nuclear infrastructure to preclude a nuclear breakout 
                capability and other capabilities critical to the 
                production of nuclear weapons.
            (4) Termination of suspension of existing sanctions.--
                    (A) In general.--Any sanctions deferred, waived, or 
                otherwise suspended by the President pursuant to the 
                Joint Plan of Action or any agreement to implement the 
                Joint Plan of Action, including sanctions suspended 
                under this section and sanctions relating to precious 
                metals, petrochemicals, Iran's automotive sector, and 
                sanctions pursuant to section 1245 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 
                U.S.C. 8513a), shall be reinstated immediately if--
                            (i)(I) during the 180-day period described 
                        in paragraph (1), the President does not submit 
                        a certification every 30 days pursuant that 
                        paragraph; or
                            (II) the President does not renew the 
                        suspension of sanctions pursuant to paragraph 
                        (3);
                            (ii) Iran breaches its commitments under 
                        either the Joint Plan of Action or a final 
                        agreement or arrangement described in 
                        subsection (b)(1); or
                            (iii) no final arrangement or agreement is 
                        reached with Iran by the earlier of the date 
                        that is 240 days after--
                                    (I) the date of the enactment of 
                                this Act; or
                                    (II) the date on which the 
                                President submits a notification 
                                described in paragraph (5) to the 
                                appropriate congressional committees.
                    (B) Waiver.--
                            (i) In general.--The President may waive 
                        the reinstatement of any sanction under 
                        subparagraph (A)(iii) for periods of not more 
                        than 30 days during the period specified in 
                        clause (ii) if, for each such waiver, the 
                        President submits to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees--
                                    (I) a notification of the waiver;
                                    (II) a certification described in 
                                paragraph (2) that covers the 30 days 
                                preceding the certification;
                                    (III) a certification that the 
                                waiver is vital to the national 
                                security interests of the United States 
                                with respect to the dismantlement of 
                                Iran's illicit nuclear weapons program; 
                                and
                                    (IV) a detailed report on the 
                                status of the negotiations with the 
                                Government of Iran on a final agreement 
                                or arrangement to terminate its illicit 
                                nuclear program and related 
                                weaponization activities, including an 
                                assessment of prospects for and the 
                                expected timeline to reach such an 
                                agreement or arrangement.
                            (ii) Period specified.--The period 
                        specified in this clause is the period that 
                        begins on the date of the enactment of this Act 
                        and ends on the earlier of the date that is one 
                        year after--
                                    (I) such date of enactment; or
                                    (II) the date on which the 
                                President submits a notification 
                                described in paragraph (5) to the 
                                appropriate congressional committees.
            (5) Notification relating to agreement to implement joint 
        plan of action.--Not later than 3 days after Iran has agreed to 
        specific and verifiable measures to implement the Joint Plan of 
        Action, the President shall notify the appropriate 
        congressional committees of that agreement.
    (b) Suspension for a Final Agreement or Arrangement.--
            (1) In general.--Unless a joint resolution of disapproval 
        is enacted pursuant to subsection (c), the President may 
        suspend the application of sanctions imposed under this Act or 
        amendments made by this Act for a one-year period if the 
        President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees 
        that the United States and its allies have reached a final and 
        verifiable agreement or arrangement with Iran that will--
                    (A) dismantle Iran's illicit nuclear 
                infrastructure, including enrichment and reprocessing 
                capabilities and facilities, the heavy water reactor 
                and production plant at Arak, and any nuclear weapon 
                components and technology, so that Iran is precluded 
                from a nuclear breakout capability and prevented from 
                pursuing both uranium and plutonium pathways to a 
                nuclear weapon;
                    (B) bring Iran into compliance with all United 
                Nations Security Council resolutions related to Iran's 
                nuclear program, including Resolutions 1696 (2006), 
                1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008), and 
                1929 (2010), with a view toward bringing to a 
                satisfactory conclusion the Security Council's 
                consideration of matters relating to Iran's nuclear 
                program;
                    (C) resolve all issues of past and present concern 
                with the International Atomic Energy Agency, including 
                possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program;
                    (D) permit continuous, around the clock, on-site 
                inspection, verification, and monitoring of all suspect 
                facilities in Iran, including installation and use of 
                any compliance verification equipment requested by the 
                International Atomic Energy Agency, so that any effort 
                by Iran to produce a nuclear weapon would be quickly 
                detected; and
                    (E) require Iran's full implementation of and 
                compliance with the Agreement between Iran and the 
                International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application 
                of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-
                Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Vienna June 
                19, 1973, including modified Code 3.1 of the Subsidiary 
                Arrangements to that Agreement and ratification and 
                implementation of the Protocol Additional to that 
                Agreement, done at Vienna December 18, 2003; and
                    (F) requires Iran's implementation of measures in 
                addition to the Protocol Additional that include 
                verification by the International Atomic Energy Agency 
                of Iran's centrifuge manufacturing facilities, 
                including raw materials and components, and Iran's 
                uranium mines and mills.
            (2) Renewal of suspension.--The President may renew the 
        suspension of sanctions pursuant to paragraph (1) for 
        additional one-year periods if, for each such renewal, the 
        President--
                    (A) certifies to the appropriate congressional 
                committees that Iran is complying with the terms of the 
                final arrangement or agreement, including by--
                            (i) dismantling Iran's illicit nuclear 
                        infrastructure, including enrichment and 
                        reprocessing capabilities and facilities, and 
                        the heavy water reactor and production plant at 
                        Arak, so that Iran is prevented from pursuing 
                        both uranium and plutonium pathways to a 
                        nuclear weapon;
                            (ii) permitting continuous, around the 
                        clock, on-site inspection, verification, and 
                        monitoring of all suspect facilities in Iran, 
                        including installation and use of any 
                        compliance verification equipment requested by 
                        the International Atomic Energy Agency, so that 
                        any effort by Iran to produce a nuclear weapon 
                        would be quickly detected;
                            (iii) resolving all issues of past and 
                        present concern with the International Atomic 
                        Energy Agency, including possible military 
                        dimensions of Iran's nuclear program;
                            (iv) remaining in full compliance with all 
                        United Nations Security Council resolutions 
                        related to Iran's nuclear program, including 
                        Resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 
                        (2007), 1803 (2008), 1835 (2008), and 1929 
                        (2010);
                            (v) fully implementing and complying with 
                        the Agreement between Iran and the 
                        International Atomic Energy Agency for the 
                        Application of Safeguards in Connection with 
                        the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear 
                        Weapons, done at Vienna June 19, 1973, 
                        including modified Code 3.1 of the Subsidiary 
                        Arrangements to that Agreement and ratification 
                        and implementation of the Protocol Additional 
                        to that Agreement, done at Vienna December 18, 
                        2003; and
                            (vi) implementing measures, in addition to 
                        the Protocol Additional, that include 
                        verification by the International Atomic Energy 
                        Agency of Iran's centrifuge manufacturing 
                        facilities, including raw materials and 
                        components, and Iran's uranium mines and mills; 
                        and
                    (B) submits to the appropriate congressional 
                committees with the certification under subparagraph 
                (A) a detailed report describing the actions taken by 
                Iran to comply with the terms of the final arrangement 
                or agreement.
    (c) Joint Resolution of Disapproval.--
            (1) In general.--In this subsection, the term ``joint 
        resolution of disapproval'' means only a joint resolution of 
        the 2 Houses of Congress, the sole matter after the resolving 
        clause of which is as follows: ``That Congress disapproves of 
        the suspension of sanctions imposed with respect to Iran under 
        section 301(b)(1) of the Nuclear Weapon Free Iran Act of 2013 
        pursuant to the certification of the President submitted to 
        Congress under that section on ______'', with the blank space 
        being filled with the appropriate date.
            (2) Procedures for considering resolutions.--
                    (A) Introduction.--A joint resolution of 
                disapproval--
                            (i) may be introduced in the House of 
                        Representatives or the Senate during the 15-day 
                        period beginning on the date on which the 
                        President submits a certification under 
                        subsection (b)(1) to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees;
                            (ii) in the House of Representatives, may 
                        be introduced by the Speaker or the minority 
                        leader or a Member of the House designated by 
                        the Speaker or minority leader;
                            (iii) in the Senate, may be introduced by 
                        the majority leader or minority leader of the 
                        Senate or a Member of the Senate designated by 
                        the majority leader or minority leader; and
                            (iv) may not be amended.
                    (B) Referral to committees.--A joint resolution of 
                disapproval introduced in the Senate shall be referred 
                to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
                and a joint resolution of disapproval in the House of 
                Representatives shall be referred to the Committee on 
                Foreign Affairs.
                    (C) Committee discharge and floor consideration.--
                The provisions of subsections (c) through (f) of 
                section 152 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2192) 
                (relating to committee discharge and floor 
                consideration of certain resolutions in the House of 
                Representatives and the Senate) apply to a joint 
                resolution of disapproval under this subsection to the 
                same extent that such subsections apply to joint 
                resolutions under such section 152, except that--
                            (i) subsection (c)(1) shall be applied and 
                        administered by substituting ``10 days'' for 
                        ``30 days''; and
                            (ii) subsection (f)(1)(A)(i) shall be 
                        applied and administered by substituting 
                        ``Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                        Affairs'' for ``Committee on Finance''.
            (3) Rules of the house of representatives and senate.--This 
        subsection is enacted by Congress--
                    (A) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, 
                and as such is deemed a part of the rules of each 
                House, respectively, but applicable only with respect 
                to the procedure to be followed in that House in the 
                case of a joint resolution, and it supersedes other 
                rules only to the extent that it is inconsistent with 
                such rules; and
                    (B) with full recognition of the constitutional 
                right of either House to change the rules (so far as 
                relating to the procedure of that House) at any time, 
                in the same manner and to the same extent as in the 
                case of any other rule of that House.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (2) Joint plan of action.--The term ``Joint Plan of 
        Action'' means the Joint Plan of Action, signed at Geneva 
        November 24, 2013, by Iran and by France, Germany, the Russian 
        Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, 
        and the United States.
            (3) United states person.--The term ``United States 
        person'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
        Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).

                      TITLE IV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 401. EXCEPTION FOR AFGHANISTAN RECONSTRUCTION.

    The President may provide for an exception from the imposition of 
sanctions under the provisions of or amendments made by this Act for 
reconstruction assistance or economic development for Afghanistan--
            (1) to the extent that the President determines that such 
        an exception is in the national interest of the United States; 
        and
            (2) if, not later than 15 days before issuing the 
        exception, the President submits a notification of and 
        justification for the exception to the appropriate 
        congressional committees (as defined in section 14 of the Iran 
        Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 
        note)).

SEC. 402. EXCEPTION FOR IMPORT RESTRICTIONS.

    No provision of or amendment made by this Act authorizes or 
requires the President to impose sanctions relating to the importation 
of goods.

SEC. 403. APPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

    Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall apply 
to the authorized intelligence activities of the United States.

SEC. 404. APPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN NATURAL GAS PROJECTS.

    Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act shall be 
construed to apply with respect to any activity relating to a project 
described in subsection (a) of section 603 of the Iran Threat Reduction 
and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8783) to which the 
exception under that section applies at the time of the activity.

SEC. 405. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF FORCE AGAINST 
              IRAN.

    Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be 
construed as a declaration of war or an authorization of the use of 
force against Iran.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. 501. CATEGORIES OF ALIENS FOR PURPOSES OF REFUGEE DETERMINATIONS.

    The Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs 
Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167) is amended--
            (1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2013.'' 
                        and inserting ``2014.'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``2013.'' and inserting ``2014.''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``2013.'' and inserting ``2014.''; and
            (2) in section 599E(b)(2) (8 U.S.C. 1255 note), by striking 
        ``2013,'' and inserting ``2014,''.
                                                       Calendar No. 288

113th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                S. 1881

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

    To expand sanctions imposed with respect to Iran and to impose 
   additional sanctions with respect to Iran, and for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                           December 20, 2013

            Read the second time and placed on the calendar