Text: H.R.739 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)

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Introduced in House (02/14/2013)


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[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 739 Introduced in House (IH)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 739

 To require the Office of Management and Budget to prepare a crosscut 
 budget for restoration activities in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, to 
require the Environmental Protection Agency to develop and implement an 
           adaptive management plan, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                           February 14, 2013

 Mr. Wittman introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
  Committee on Natural Resources, and in addition to the Committee on 
  Transportation and Infrastructure, for a period to be subsequently 
   determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such 
 provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To require the Office of Management and Budget to prepare a crosscut 
 budget for restoration activities in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, to 
require the Environmental Protection Agency to develop and implement an 
           adaptive management plan, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Chesapeake Bay Accountability and 
Recovery Act of 2013''.

SEC. 2. CHESAPEAKE BAY CROSSCUT BUDGET.

    (a) Crosscut Budget.--The Director, in consultation with the 
Chesapeake Executive Council, the chief executive of each Chesapeake 
Bay State, and the Chesapeake Bay Commission, shall submit to Congress 
a financial report containing--
            (1) an interagency crosscut budget that displays--
                    (A) the proposed funding for any Federal 
                restoration activity to be carried out in the 
                succeeding fiscal year, including any planned 
                interagency or intra-agency transfer, for each of the 
                Federal agencies that carry out restoration activities;
                    (B) to the extent that information is available, 
                the estimated funding for any State restoration 
                activity to be carried out in the succeeding fiscal 
                year;
                    (C) all expenditures for Federal restoration 
                activities from the preceding 2 fiscal years, the 
                current fiscal year, and the succeeding fiscal year; 
                and
                    (D) all expenditures, to the extent that 
                information is available, for State restoration 
                activities during the equivalent time period described 
                in subparagraph (C);
            (2) a detailed accounting of all funds received and 
        obligated by all Federal agencies for restoration activities 
        during the current and preceding fiscal years, including the 
        identification of funds which were transferred to a Chesapeake 
        Bay State for restoration activities;
            (3) to the extent that information is available, a detailed 
        accounting from each State of all funds received and obligated 
        from a Federal agency for restoration activities during the 
        current and preceding fiscal years; and
            (4) a description of each of the proposed Federal and State 
        restoration activities to be carried out in the succeeding 
        fiscal year (corresponding to those activities listed in 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1)), including the--
                    (A) project description;
                    (B) current status of the project;
                    (C) Federal or State statutory or regulatory 
                authority, programs, or responsible agencies;
                    (D) authorization level for appropriations;
                    (E) project timeline, including benchmarks;
                    (F) references to project documents;
                    (G) descriptions of risks and uncertainties of 
                project implementation;
                    (H) adaptive management actions or framework;
                    (I) coordinating entities;
                    (J) funding history;
                    (K) cost-sharing; and
                    (L) alignment with existing Chesapeake Bay 
                Agreement and Chesapeake Executive Council goals and 
                priorities.
    (b) Minimum Funding Levels.--The Director shall only describe 
restoration activities in the report required under subsection (a) 
that--
            (1) for Federal restoration activities, have funding 
        amounts greater than or equal to $100,000; and
            (2) for State restoration activities, have funding amounts 
        greater than or equal to $50,000.
    (c) Deadline.--The Director shall submit to Congress the report 
required by subsection (a) not later than 30 days after the submission 
by the President of the President's annual budget to Congress.
    (d) Report.--Copies of the financial report required by subsection 
(a) shall be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations, Natural 
Resources, Energy and Commerce, and Transportation and Infrastructure 
of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Appropriations, 
Environment and Public Works, and Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
of the Senate.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall apply beginning with the 
first fiscal year after the date of enactment of this Act for which the 
President submits a budget to Congress.

SEC. 3. ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator, in consultation with other Federal and 
State agencies, shall develop an adaptive management plan for 
restoration activities in the Chesapeake Bay watershed that includes--
            (1) definition of specific and measurable objectives to 
        improve water quality, habitat, and fisheries;
            (2) a process for stakeholder participation;
            (3) monitoring, modeling, experimentation, and other 
        research and evaluation practices;
            (4) a process for modification of restoration activities 
        that have not attained or will not attain the specific and 
        measurable objectives set forth under paragraph (1); and
            (5) a process for prioritizing restoration activities and 
        programs to which adaptive management shall be applied.
    (b) Implementation.--The Administrator shall implement the adaptive 
management plan developed under subsection (a).
    (c) Updates.--The Administrator shall update the adaptive 
management plan developed under subsection (a) every 2 years.
    (d) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the end of a 
        fiscal year, the Administrator shall transmit to Congress an 
        annual report on the implementation of the adaptive management 
        plan required under this section for such fiscal year.
            (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall contain information about the application of adaptive 
        management to restoration activities and programs, including 
        programmatic and project level changes implemented through the 
        process of adaptive management.
            (3) Effective date.--Paragraph (1) shall apply to the first 
        fiscal year that begins after the date of enactment of this 
        Act.
    (e) Inclusion of Plan in Annual Action Plan and Annual Progress 
Report.--The Administrator shall ensure that the Annual Action Plan and 
Annual Progress Report required by section 205 of Executive Order 13508 
includes the adaptive management plan outlined in subsection (a).

SEC. 4. INDEPENDENT EVALUATOR FOR THE CHESAPEAKE BAY PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--There shall be an Independent Evaluator for 
restoration activities in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, who shall 
review and report on restoration activities and the use of adaptive 
management in restoration activities, including on such related topics 
as are suggested by the Chesapeake Executive Council.
    (b) Appointment.--
            (1) In general.--The Independent Evaluator shall be 
        appointed by the Administrator from among nominees submitted by 
        the Chesapeake Executive Council.
            (2) Nominations.--The Chesapeake Executive Council may 
        submit to the Administrator 4 nominees for appointment to any 
        vacancy in the office of the Independent Evaluator.
    (c) Reports.--The Independent Evaluator shall submit a report to 
the Congress every 2 years in the findings and recommendations of 
reviews under this section.
    (d) Chesapeake Executive Council.--In this section, the term 
``Chesapeake Executive Council'' has the meaning given that term by 
section 307 of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-567; 15 U.S.C. 1511d).

SEC. 5. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Adaptive management.--The term ``adaptive management'' 
        means a type of natural resource management in which project 
        and program decisions are made as part of an ongoing science-
        based process. Adaptive management involves testing, 
        monitoring, and evaluating applied strategies and incorporating 
        new knowledge into programs and restoration activities that are 
        based on scientific findings and the needs of society. Results 
        are used to modify management policy, strategies, practices, 
        programs, and restoration activities.
            (2) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
            (3) Chesapeake bay state.--The term ``Chesapeake Bay 
        State'' or ``State'' means the States of Maryland, West 
        Virginia, Delaware, and New York, the Commonwealths of Virginia 
        and Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia.
            (4) Chesapeake bay watershed.--The term ``Chesapeake Bay 
        watershed'' means the Chesapeake Bay and the geographic area, 
        as determined by the Secretary of the Interior, consisting of 
        36 tributary basins, within the Chesapeake Bay States, through 
        which precipitation drains into the Chesapeake Bay.
            (5) Chief executive.--The term ``chief executive'' means, 
        in the case of a State or Commonwealth, the Governor of each 
        such State or Commonwealth and, in the case of the District of 
        Columbia, the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
            (6) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the Director of 
        the Office of Management and Budget.
            (7) Restoration activities.--The term ``restoration 
        activities'' means any Federal or State programs or projects 
        that directly or indirectly protect, conserve, or restore 
        living resources, habitat, water resources, or water quality in 
        the Chesapeake Bay watershed, including programs or projects 
        that promote responsible land use, stewardship, and community 
        engagement in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Restoration 
        activities may be categorized as follows:
                    (A) Physical restoration.
                    (B) Planning.
                    (C) Feasibility studies.
                    (D) Scientific research.
                    (E) Monitoring.
                    (F) Education.
                    (G) Infrastructure Development.
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