Text: H.R.1282 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)

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Introduced in House (03/20/2013)


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[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1282 Introduced in House (IH)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1282

   To reduce housing-related health hazards, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 20, 2013

   Ms. Slaughter (for herself, Ms. Roybal-Allard, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. 
 Nadler, Mr. Hastings of Florida, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Cummings, 
  Ms. Wilson of Florida, and Mr. Cicilline) introduced the following 
    bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
   To reduce housing-related health hazards, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Lead Hazard Title X Amendments 
Act''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) Poor housing conditions contribute to a wide range of 
        health conditions, including unintentional injuries, 
        respiratory illness, asthma, and cancer, which 
        disproportionately impact susceptible and vulnerable 
        populations, such as children, the poor, minorities, and people 
        with chronic medical conditions. For example--
                    (A) according to the Department of Housing and 
                Urban Development, nearly 6,000,000 housing units in 
                the United States had moderate to severe physical 
                infrastructure problems other than problems with lead 
                in 2007;
                    (B) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
                found that about 23,000,000 housing units, most of them 
                built before 1960, have 1 or more lead-based paint 
                hazards, where young children under age 6 are 
                endangered by chipping or peeling lead paint or 
                excessive amounts of lead-contaminated dust. Of these 
                homes, about 1,100,000 housed low-income families with 
                1 or more children under age 6;
                    (C) low-level lead poisoning is widespread among 
                children in the United States, afflicting hundreds of 
                thousands of children under age 6, with minority and 
                low-income communities affected disproportionately;
                    (D) costs for asthma due to dampness and mold were 
                estimated at $3,500,000,000 in 2004, according to the 
                International Journal of Environment and Health;
                    (E) the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 
                found that about 17,000,000 homes have elevated levels 
                of 4 or more allergens, a condition that is associated 
                with symptoms among residents with allergic asthma;
                    (F) the Environmental Protection Agency found that 
                more than 6,800,000 housing units have radon exposures 
                above the current Environmental Protection Agency radon 
                action level; and
                    (G) the National Institutes of Health estimates 
                that radon exposures result in 21,000 radon-induced 
                lung cancer deaths per year, which cost $2,300,000,000 
                per year.
            (2) The Federal Government must continue its leadership in 
        demonstrating and implementing projects that assess and correct 
        health hazards in the home environment to support the national 
        goal of providing decent, safe, and sanitary housing to every 
        family in the United States.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 1004 of the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction 
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 4851b) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (27) as 
        paragraphs (13) through (29), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (10) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (11), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) Eligible applicant.--The term `eligible applicant' 
        means a State, a unit of general local government, an Indian 
        tribe, or a private nonprofit organization that meets the 
        requirements of section 1101(b).''; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (11), as so redesignated, 
        the following:
            ``(12) Housing-related health hazard.--The term `housing-
        related health hazard' means any condition of residential real 
        property that poses a risk of biological, physical, 
        radiological, or chemical exposure that can adversely affect 
        human health.''.

SEC. 4. GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 1011 of the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction 
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 4852) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``grants for lead-
        based paint hazard reduction in target housing'' and inserting 
        ``grants for reduction of lead-based paint hazards and 
        correction of other housing-related hazards'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
                as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (D), respectively;
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``for grants'' and 
                        inserting ``For grants''; and
                            (ii) by striking the semicolon at the end 
                        and inserting a period;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``for grants'' and 
                        inserting ``For grants''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                        period;
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
                    ``(C) For grants made to carry out any of 
                paragraphs (1) through (9) or (11) of subsection (e), 
                the grants may not be used to assist federally assisted 
                housing, federally owned housing, or public housing.'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2)'' and 
                inserting ``Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B)'';
                    (F) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), as so 
                redesignated, by striking ``The Secretary'' and all 
                that follows through
                ``criteria--'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Authorization.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        provide grants to eligible applicants to evaluate and reduce 
        lead-based paint hazards and to identify and correct other 
        housing-related health hazards in accordance with the 
        provisions of this section.
            ``(2) Criteria.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
        section only to provide housing that meets the following 
        criteria:''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Income verification.--For the purpose of verifying 
        the income level of a family under subparagraphs (A) and (B), 
        the Secretary may establish a process by which a grantee may 
        first obtain and use income and program participation 
        information from an entity administering--
                    ``(A) the HOME Investment Partnerships program 
                under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National 
                Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.);
                    ``(B) the special supplemental nutrition program 
                for women, infants, and children established under 
                section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 
                U.S.C. 1786);
                    ``(C) reduced price or free lunches under the 
                Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 
                1751 et seq.);
                    ``(D) the weatherization assistance program for 
                low-income persons established under part A of title IV 
                of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 
                U.S.C. 6861 et seq.);
                    ``(E) the temporary assistance for needy families 
                program established under part A of title IV of the 
                Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
                    ``(F) the supplemental security income program 
                established under title XVI of the Social Security Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.); or
                    ``(G) any other program that the Secretary 
                determines is consistent with the family income 
                requirements of this section.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Eligible Applicants.--
            ``(1) Lead-based paint hazards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State or unit of general local 
                government, as defined under section 104 of the 
                Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 
                U.S.C. 12704), that has an approved comprehensive 
                housing affordability strategy under section 105 of the 
                Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 
                U.S.C. 12705), or an Indian tribe recognized under 
                section 102 of the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe 
                List Act of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 479a), is eligible to apply 
                for a grant to carry out activities under any of 
                paragraphs (1) through (9) or (11) of subsection (e).
                    ``(B) Exception.--A private nonprofit organization 
                shall be eligible to apply for a grant to carry out 
                activities under paragraphs (1) through (9) or (11) of 
                subsection (e) if the application adequately 
                demonstrates that it is being submitted in partnership 
                with the State or unit of general local government in 
                which the activities will be carried out.
            ``(2) Housing-related health hazards.--A private nonprofit 
        organization shall be eligible to apply for a grant to carry 
        out activities under subsection (e)(10).'';
            (4) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``a State or unit of local government'' and 
        inserting ``an eligible applicant'';
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``in the case of a grant 
                        to carry out activities relating to lead-based 
                        paint hazards,'' before ``the extent''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``housing'' and inserting 
                        ``target housing or 0-bedroom dwellings 
                        constructed before 1978'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or other 
                housing-related health hazards'' after ``lead-based 
                paint hazards'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (3) through (6); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) in the case of a grant to carry out activities 
        relating to housing-related hazards, the extent to which the 
        proposed activities will correct housing-related health 
        hazards;'';
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``renovations, 
                remodeling,'' after ``inspections,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (9)--
                            (i) by inserting ``before and'' after 
                        ``housing''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph 
                (11); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
            ``(10) provide for the assessment and correction of 
        housing-related health hazards and the evaluation of the 
        effectiveness of the assessment and correction; and'';
            (7) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``in the case of 
                a grant to carry out activities relating to lead-based 
                paint hazards,'' before ``the ability''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and other 
                housing-related health hazards have been corrected'' 
                after ``abated''; and
            (8) in subsection (n), by inserting ``or Indian tribe'' 
        after ``State'' each place that term appears.

SEC. 5. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1011 of the Residential Lead-based Paint Hazard Reduction 
Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 4852) is amended by striking subsection (p) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(p) Allocation of Amounts Appropriated for Housing-Related Health 
Hazards.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        more than 25 percent of the amounts made available under 
        subsection (q) for a fiscal year shall be available for grants 
        to carry out activities under subsection (e)(10).
            ``(2) Exception.--If an amount that is not more than 
        $120,000,000 is appropriated for a fiscal year, not more than 
        $30,000,000 of that amount shall be available for grants to 
        carry out activities under subsection (e)(10) for that fiscal 
        year.
    ``(q) Authorization of Appropriations.--For purposes of carrying 
out this subtitle, there are authorized to be appropriated $250,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''.
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