Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed House amended (09/26/2006)

Commends the Africa Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) in monitoring the N'Djamena Ceasefire Agreement in Darfur and its role in diminishing some acts of violence.

Condemns the continued genocide against civilians in Darfur by the government of Sudan and government-sponsored militias, as well as attacks against civilians by rebels in Darfur.

Calls on all parties to the Agreement to abide by its terms and engage in good-faith negotiations to end the Darfur conflict.

Calls on the government of Sudan to: (1) comply with U.N. Security Council Resolution 1706, support AMIS' transition to a U.N. peacekeeping mission, and facilitate U.N. peacekeeper deployment; (2) withdraw all offensive military aircraft and personnel from the region; (3) cease support for the Janjaweed militia and rebels from Chad; and (4) disarm the Janjaweed militias.

Calls on: (1) the international community to provide sufficient funding to support AMIS' transition; (2) the African Union (AU) to work closely with the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to strengthen its capacity to deter violence and instability until a U.N. peacekeeping force is fully deployed in Darfur; and (3) NATO to extend its AU advisor mission.

Urges the President to take steps to: (1) improve the security situation in Darfur, including by proposing that NATO implement an interim civilian protection force; and (2) obtain the support of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the Russian Federation, and U.S. allies in the Arab League to secure Sudan's compliance with Security Council Resolution 1706 and support full funding for the U.N. peacekeeping force in Sudan.

Urges NATO to support such proposed civilian protection force.