S.556 - Clean Power Act of 2002107th Congress (2001-2002)
Summary: S.556 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)
Clean Power Act of 2002 - (Sec. 2) Amends the Clean Air Act to add Title VII: Electric Energy Generation Emission Reductions.
Reported to Senate amended (11/19/2002)
Requires the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to promulgate regulations to achieve specified reductions in emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon dioxide, and mercury from electric generation facilities with a nameplate capacity of 15 megawatts or greater that use a combustion device to generate electricity for sale, by January 1, 2008.
Requires the Administrator to allocate emission allowances according to type of emission (excluding mercury) and, in the case of sulfur dioxide, region of the country (western vs. non-western).
States that these allowances are not a property right and may be terminated or limited.
Directs the Administrator to establish an emission allowance tracking and transfer system for the sale, purchase, holding, and retirement of unused allowances.
Identifies each emission allowance with a unique serial number, identifying the pollutant and the first allowable year of use.
Requires owner/operators of facilities to submit one allowance per ton of covered pollutant with a special rule for ozone exceedances which may require the submission of additional allowances for nitrogen oxide.
Requires an annual inventory and monitoring of emissions from small electricity generating facilities.
Requires ambient air quality monitoring for sulfur dioxide and hazardous air pollutants from large (50 megawatt or more) capacity coal-fired electricity generating facilities.
Establishes a formula for determining excess emission penalties using the average annual market price of emission allowances.
Makes a special rule for mercury emissions.
Directs the Administrator to limit emissions that may reasonably be anticipated to cause or contribute to a significant adverse impact, or as necessary to protect public health or welfare or the environment.
Directs the Administrator to study the impact of emission allowance trading, including an assessment of ambient air quality in areas surrounding affected facilities.
Permits the use of certain reserved emission allowances for sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide according to how they were accrued (such as through the application of pollution control technology).
Directs the Administrator to promulgate regulations for a permitting and emission allowance trading compliance program.
Limits the trading of allowances with facilities other than electricity generating facilities to certain carbon dioxide emission control programs.
Directs the Administrator to allocate remaining emission allowances (except for mercury) to households served by electricity, based on the size of the household and the residential electricity consumption of the State.
Provides an allocation for transition assistance to: (1) dislocated workers; (2) disproportionately adversely impacted communities; and (3) electricity generating facilities.
Provides allocations to: (1) renewable electricity generating units; (2) efficiency projects; and (3) cleaner energy sources.
Provides allocations for biological carbon sequestration activities, including: (1) carbon inventorying and accounting systems; and (2) a revolving loan program for States to fund private forest and forest soil-related activities. Requires the Administrator to submit recommendations to Congress concerning such activities, including methods for quantifying such sequestration.
Directs the Administrator to establish and annually review emission limitations for mercury emissions by coal-fired electricity generating facilities to assure that such emissions do not exceed the national limitation for mercury emissions. Requires that captured or recovered emissions not be re-released into the environment.
Requires the Administrator to request information from owners/operators about hazardous air pollutants other than mercury. Directs the Administrator to then propose and promulgate emission standards. Requires facilities to achieve specified emission standards should the regulations not be promulgated.
Sets forth additional compliance requirements for outdated powerplants, including the application of best available control technology.
(Sec. 4) Amends the acid precipitation research program to require the biennial report of the Acid Precipitation Task Force to include an assessment of acid-neutralizing capacity, specifically of water bodies in certain sensitive ecosystems.
Requires an assessment and identification of sensitive ecosystems and the objectives necessary for their protection. Includes among such systems the Adirondack, the mid-Appalachian, Rocky, and southern Blue Ridge Mountains. Includes as well the Great Lakes, Lake Champlain, Long Island Sound, and the Chesapeake Bay. Requires the Administrator to modify emission reductions and allocations of emission allowances as necessary to protect such ecosystems.
(Sec. 5) Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 through 2012 for the National Atmospheric Deposition Program National Trends Network, the National Atmospheric Deposition Program Mercury Deposition Network, the National Atmospheric Deposition Program Atmospheric Integrated Research Monitoring Network, the Clean Air Status and Trends Network, and the Temporally Integrated Monitoring of Ecosystems and Long-Term Monitoring Program.