S.2779 - Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2003107th Congress (2001-2002)
Summary: S.2779 — 107th Congress (2001-2002)
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2003 - Title I: Export and Investment Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2003 for: (1) direct loans, loan guarantees, tied-aid grants, insurance, and administrative expenses under Export-Import Bank programs; (2) Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) credit and insurance programs, including for the cost of direct and guaranteed loans and administrative expenses; and (3) the Trade and Development Agency.
Reported to Senate without amendment (07/24/2002)
Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2003 for: (1) expenses of the President in carrying out certain programs under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; (2) the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) for child survival and disease programs (earmarking amounts for HIV/AIDS, polio, malaria, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases), including family planning/reproductive health programs; (3) specified development assistance (earmarking amounts for children's basic education, plant biotechnology research and development (R&D), the International Fertilizer Development Center, the United States Telecommunications Training Institute, the American Schools and Hospitals Abroad program, and for certain water-related assistance programs); (4) international disaster assistance (including such assistance to support transition to democracy and to long-term development of countries in crisis); (5) direct loans and guaranteed loans for micro and small enterprise development programs and urban programs; (6) the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund; (7) operating expenses of AID and the AID Office of Inspector General; (8) the Capital Investment Fund; (9) Economic Support Fund (ESF) assistance (earmarking amounts for Israel, Egypt, Jordan, for humanitarian, refugee, reconstruction, and development activities, including activities to promote democratic and economic reform, in the West Bank and Gaza, Cyprus, for scholarships and direct support of American educational institutions in Lebanon, East Timor, and the National Democratic Alliance of Sudan); (10) assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States (earmarking specified amounts for Kosovo, Bulgaria, Serbia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and for Bosnia and Herzegovina); (11) assistance for the new independent states of the former Soviet Union (subject to specified conditions, and earmarking amounts for the Southern Caucasus (especially the areas of Abkhazia and Nagorno- Karabagh), the Russian Far East, Ukraine, Armenia, and Georgia, subject to certain conditions); (12) the Inter-American Foundation, the African Development Foundation, and the Peace Corps (with a prohibition on the use of such funds for abortions); (13) international narcotics control and law enforcement (earmarking amounts for anti-crime programs and anti-trafficking in persons programs); (14) counterdrug activities in the Andean region of South America (earmarking amounts for Colombia, subject to certain conditions); (15) migration and refugee assistance (earmarking a specified amount for refugees from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and other refugees resettling in Israel); (16) the Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund; (17) nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining, and related programs and activities (including U.S. contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO), and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Preparatory Commission), and earmarking amounts for the Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund and the Small Arms Destruction Initiative; (18) the Department of the Treasury for international affairs technical assistance activities; and (19) debt restructuring for the cost of modifying loans and loan guarantees pursuant to the provisions of part V of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Tropical Forestry Conservation Act of 1998.
Bars the use of appropriated funds for coercive abortions or involuntary sterilizations. (Authorizes funds to be made available, in order to reduce reliance on abortion in developing nations, to qualified voluntary family planning projects that: (1) offer directly or through referral, or offer information about access to, a broad range of family planning methods and services; and (2) meet specified requirements). Bars the use of development assistance funds: (1) for any activity which is in contravention to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES); (2) that are managed by or allocated to AID's Global Development Secretariat, except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations; and (3) for U.S. private and voluntary organizations (except cooperative development organizations) which obtain less than 20 percent of annual funding from sources other than the U.S. Government.
Authorizes the President to withhold funds for economic revitalization programs in Bosnia and Herzegovina if the President certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that: (1) the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has not complied with article III of annex 1-A of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning the withdrawal of foreign forces; and (2) intelligence cooperation on training, investigations, and related activities between state sponsors of terrorism and terrorist organizations and Bosnian officials has not been terminated.
Directs the President to withhold a specified percentage of assistance for the Government of the Russian Federation until the President certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that it: (1) has terminated arrangements to provide Iran with technical expertise, training, technology, or equipment necessary to develop a nuclear reactor, related nuclear research facilities or programs, or ballistic missile capability; and (2) is providing full access to international nongovernmental organizations providing humanitarian relief to refugees and internally displaced persons in Chechnya.
Title III: Military Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2003 for: (1) expanded international military education and training (IMET) to Algeria and Guatemala; (2) foreign military financing grants (earmarking amounts for Israel, Egypt, Jordan, and for Colombia, subject to certain conditions); and (3) international peacekeeping operations (subject to certain conditions), and earmarking amounts for Afghanistan and for Africa Regional Peacekeeping Operations and the Africa Crisis Response Initiative.
Prohibits foreign military financing for Sudan, Liberia, and Guatemala.
Title IV: Multilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2003 for the U.S. contribution to: (1) the Global Environment Facility of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), subject to certain conditions; (2) International Development Association (IDA); (3) the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency; (4) the Inter-American Investment Corporation; (4) the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund; (5) the Asian Development Fund; (6) the African Development Bank; (7) the African Development Fund; (8) the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; and (9) the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
Makes appropriations for FY 2003 for international programs and organizations (earmarking amounts for the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Environment Program, for International Conservation Programs and the International Panel on Climate Change/United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, for Organization of American States Democracy Assistance Programs, for the Organization of American States Fund for Strengthening Democracy, the World Food Program, for International Contributions for Scientific, Educational, and Cultural Activities, and for the United Nations Center for Human Settlements). Sets certain restrictions on international organization funding. Prohibits the use of funds for the KEDO or the IAEA.
Title V: General Provisions - (Sec. 501) Sets forth limits on the use of appropriations, including that no more than 15 percent of such appropriations shall be obligated during the last month of availability.
(Sec. 503) Sets forth limits on the use of appropriations, including specified maximums for official residence expenses, entertainment expenses, and representation allowances for AID and for entertainment and representation allowances for the Inter-American Foundation and the Trade and Development Agency. Limits the amount of funds for entertainment expenses of the Peace Corps and entertainment allowances under IMET and for entertainment and representation allowances under the Foreign Military Financing Program.
(Sec. 506) Prohibits the use of funds for: (1) the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology (except for nuclear safety purposes); (2) direct assistance or reparations to Cuba, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Iran, Sudan, or Syria; (3) assistance to any country whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup or decree; (4) certain transfers between appropriations accounts without prior presidential consultation with Congress; (5) assistance to any country in default in excess of a year on payments on a U.S. loan (unless the Secretary of State determines such assistance is in the national interest); and (6) assistance (except in certain circumstances) for production of any commodity for export by a foreign country if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on world markets when the resulting productive capacity is expected to become operative and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar commodity.
(Sec. 514) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of specified international financial institutions to oppose any assistance for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for export if it is in surplus on world markets and such assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar commodity.
(Sec. 516) Declares that funds appropriated for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs, that are returned or not made available for international organizations and programs, shall remain available for obligation until FY 2004.
(Sec. 517) Prohibits the availability of assistance for the Independent States of the former Soviet Union to a government of such an Independent State: (1) unless it is making progress in implementing comprehensive economic reforms based on market principles, private ownership, respect for commercial contracts, and equitable treatment of foreign private investment; (2) if it applies or transfers U.S. assistance to any entity for the purpose of expropriating or seizing ownership of assets, investments, or ventures (unless the President determines such assistance is in the national interest); (3) if it directs action in violation of the territorial integrity or national sovereignty of any other Independent State of the former Soviet Union; or (4) to enhance its military capability (except for demilitarization, demining, or nonproliferation programs). Subjects such assistance for the Russian Federation, Armenia, Georgia, and the Ukraine to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 518) Limits to no more than five percent the amount of export financing funds (other than for administrative expenses) that can be transferred from one appropriation to another, with no appropriation being increased by more than 25 percent by such transfer.
(Sec. 519) Prohibits the use of funds for Colombia, Haiti, Liberia, Serbia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Pakistan, or the Democratic Republic of Congo, except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 521) Makes funds available to AID for child survival and disease prevention programs in developing countries (earmarking an amount for family planning/reproductive health).
(Sec. 522) Requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to notify the Committees on Appropriations before providing excess DOD articles to certain NATO and major non-NATO countries.
(Sec. 524) Earmarks National Endowment for Democracy funds for China, Hong Kong, and Tibet for activities to support democracy, human rights, and the rule of law, including specified amounts for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Department of State, for such activities, and to nongovernmental organizations located outside the People's Republic of China to support activities which preserve cultural traditions and promote sustainable development and environmental conservation in Tibetan communities.
Makes ESF funds (along with other assistance provided by this section) available for programs and activities to foster democracy, human rights, press freedoms, women's development, and the rule of law in countries with a significant Muslim population, and where such programs and activities would be important to U.S. efforts to respond to, deter, or prevent acts of international terrorism. Earmarks such funds for the Human Rights and Democracy Fund of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, Department of State and for programs and activities that provide professional training for journalists.
(Sec. 525) Prohibits bilateral assistance funds to any country which the President determines grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism or otherwise supports such activities. Authorizes a waiver of this prohibition by the President for national security and humanitarian reasons, requiring notification to the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 526) Prohibits the provision of funds to any foreign government that provides lethal military equipment to a country that the Secretary of State has determined has a terrorist government, unless the President determines that the furnishing of such assistance is in the U.S. national interest.
(Sec. 527) Authorizes nongovernmental organizations which are AID grantees or contractors to place funds made available to them under this Act in interest bearing accounts in order to enhance their participation in economic activities under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, including endowments and debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges.
(Sec. 528) Directs the Administrator of AID to require foreign countries that receive foreign assistance which results in the generation of local currencies to deposit such currencies in a separate account to be used to finance foreign assistance activities.
(Sec. 529) Prohibits payments to any international financial institution while the U.S. Executive Director to the institution is compensated at a rate in excess of that for Level IV of the Executive Schedule.
(Sec. 530) Bars assistance to any country that is not in compliance with the United Nations (UN) sanctions against Iraq, unless the President certifies to the Congress that such assistance: (1) is in the U.S. national interest; (2) will directly benefit the needy people in that country; or (3) will be humanitarian assistance for foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait.
(Sec. 531) Declares that provisions under this or any other Act authorizing appropriations for foreign operations or export financing shall not be construed to prohibit activities authorized by the Peace Corps Act, the Inter-American Foundation Act, or the African Development Foundation Act. Requires an agency to report to the Committees on Appropriations whenever it is conducting or proposing activities in a country for which such assistance is prohibited.
(Sec. 532) Prohibits the use of funds to provide: (1) any financial incentive to a business for purposes of inducing it to relocate outside the United States if it will reduce the number of employees in the United States; or (2) assistance for any project that contributes to the violation of internationally recognized workers rights in the recipient country.
(Sec. 533) Declares that funds appropriated under this Act for Afghanistan and for victims of war, displaced children, and displaced Burmese may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law. Subjects funds to Cambodia to certain conditions.
Authorizes the use of foreign assistance funds to support tropical forestry and biodiversity conservation programs and energy programs aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Authorizes AID to employ up to 25 personal services contractors in the United States to provide support for specified new or expanded overseas programs until permanent direct hire personnel are hired and trained.
Authorizes the President to waive certain prohibitions with respect to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) if the President determines and certifies to Congress that it is in the national interest.
Authorizes the President during FY 2003 to use up to $45 million (currently, $25 million) of foreign assistance funds for unanticipated emergency contingencies.
Authorizes AID, in entering into multiple award indefinite-quantity contracts with funds appropriated by this Act, to provide an exception to the fair opportunity process for placing task orders under such contracts when the order is placed with any category of small or small disadvantaged business.
Expands authorities under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 providing assistance to reconstitute civilian police authority and capability in the post-conflict restoration of a host nation infrastructure for the purposes of supporting a nation emerging from instability to include such assistance for a regional, district, municipal, or other sub-national entity emerging from instability.
(Sec. 534) Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the Arab League boycott of Israel (reinstated in 1997), and the secondary boycott of American firms that have commercial ties with Israel, is an impediment to peace in the region and to U.S. investment and trade in the Middle East and North Africa and should immediately be terminated; and (2) the President should report annually to Congress on concrete steps taken to encourage Arab League states to normalize their relations with Israel to bring an end to the boycott.
(Sec. 535) Authorizes the use of ESF funds to strengthen the administration of justice in countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, and in other regions.
(Sec. 536) Declares that restrictions on assistance to foreign countries contained in this Act or any other Act (except those relating to international terrorism or human rights violations) shall not be construed to restrict assistance: (1) in support of certain programs of nongovernmental organizations; or (2) under specified provisions of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954.
(Sec. 537) Authorizes the reprogramming of earmarked appropriations for other programs within the same account, provided certain requirements are met.
(Sec. 539) Prohibits the use of funds for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States that were not authorized before the enactment of this Act. Earmarks amounts for private and voluntary organizations to deal with world hunger problems abroad.
(Sec. 540) Prohibits the use of funds to pay any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any U.N. member (including costs for attendance of another country's delegation at international conferences held under the auspices of multilateral or international organizations).
(Sec. 541) Prohibits the provision of funds to a nongovernmental organization that fails to provide any document, file, or record necessary to the auditing requirements of AID.
(Sec. 542) Withholds assistance to a foreign country in an amount equal to 110 percent of the total unpaid parking fines and penalties owed by the country to the District of Columbia and New York City, New York as of September 30, 2002.
(Sec. 543) Prohibits the obligation of any appropriations for the PLO for the West Bank and Gaza unless the President has exercised certain authorities to suspend prohibitions on assistance to the PLO.
(Sec. 544) Permits the President to provide up to a specified amount of commodities and services to the UN War Crimes Tribunal if doing so will contribute to a just resolution of charges regarding genocide or other violations of international law in the former Yugoslavia.
(Sec. 545) Authorizes disposal on a grant basis in foreign countries of demining equipment used in support of the clearance of land mines and unexploded ordnance for humanitarian purposes.
(Sec. 546) Prohibits the obligation of appropriations to create in Jerusalem a new U.S. agency office for the purpose of conducting U.S. business with the Palestinian Authority over Gaza and Jericho (or any successor Palestinian governing entity) provided for in the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles.
(Sec. 547) Prohibits the obligation of certain funds to pay for: (1) alcoholic beverages; or (2) entertainment expenses for recreational activities.
(Sec. 548) Authorizes the President to reduce amounts owed to the United States by eligible countries as a result of: (1) housing guarantees made pursuant to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; (2) credits extended or guarantees issued under the Arms Export Control Act; or (3) any obligation to pay for purchases of U.S. agricultural commodities guaranteed by the Commodity Credit Corporation.
Permits exercise of such authority only: (1) to implement multilateral official debt relief and referendum agreements known as the Paris Club Agreed Minutes; and (2) with respect to countries with heavy debt burdens that are eligible to borrow from the International Development Association (but not from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)(IDA-only countries). Prescribes additional conditions for the exercise of such authority.
(Sec. 549) Authorizes the President to engage in certain debt buybacks or sales. Authorizes sale, reduction, or cancellation of certain loans to foreign governments, upon receipt of payment from an eligible purchaser that plans to use such loans only for the purposes of engaging in debt-for-equity swaps, debt-for-development swaps, or debt-for-nature swaps. Limits such authority to funds appropriated by this Act under the heading of debt restructuring.
(Sec. 550) Makes the Government of Haiti eligible to purchase U.S. defense articles and services for its Coast Guard.
(Sec. 551) Prohibits the obligation of any appropriations for the PLO unless the President certifies to Congress that it is in the U.S. national security interests.
(Sec. 552) Prohibits the use of funds for the security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State believes they have committed gross violations of human rights, unless the Secretary reports to the Committees on Appropriations that such country is taking steps to bring the responsible persons to justice.
(Sec. 553) Earmarks development assistance funds appropriated under this Act for: (1) programs and activities to protect tropical forests and biodiversity, including activities to deter illegal logging; and (2) the Central African Regional Program for the Environment.
(Sec. 554) Earmarks funds appropriated by this Act to support policies and actions in developing countries and countries in transition that promote energy conservation and efficient energy production and use, that measure, monitor, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increase carbon sequestration activities, and enhance climate change mitigation programs.
Directs the President to report to the Committees on Appropriations on all U.S. obligations and expenditures for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States and in developing countries.
(Sec. 555) Earmarks specified funds appropriated by this Act for humanitarian, reconstruction, and other assistance for Afghanistan, including repairing homes of Afghan citizens that were damaged or destroyed as a result of military operations. Earmarks ESF assistance for the Afghan Ministry of Women's Affairs for activities to promote girl's and women's education, reproductive health, legal rights, and economic opportunities.
(Sec. 556) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director of each international financial institution to vote against the extension of any loans to the Government of Zimbabwe (except to meet basic human needs or promote democracy) unless the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the rule of law has been restored there, including respect for ownership and title to property, and freedom of speech and association.
(Sec. 557) Makes IMET and foreign military financing program funds available for Nigeria for expanded IMET and non-lethal defense articles, until the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the Nigerian Minister of Defense, the Chief of the Army Staff, and the Minister of State for Defense/Army are suspending from the Armed Forces those members who have committed gross violations of human rights in Benue State in October 2001, and have taken measures to bring such individuals to justice.
(Sec. 558) Makes a specified amount of ESF assistance available to support democracy activities in Burma, including democracy and humanitarian activities along the Burma-Thailand border, and for Burmese student groups and other organizations located outside of Burma.
(Sec. 559) Requires the President to submit to specified congressional committees a plan for the distribution of the assets of an Enterprise Fund before any distribution resulting from liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Fund.
(Sec. 560) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors of international financial institutions to oppose loans to the Central Government Cambodia (except loans to support basic human needs). Prohibits the availability of funds under this Act for assistance (other than for basic education, reproductive and maternal and child health, and for the Ministry of Women and Veterans Affairs to combat human trafficking) for the Central Government of Cambodia.
Makes a specified amount of ESF assistance available for democratic opposition political parties in Cambodia.
Earmarks a specified amount of funds appropriated under this Act as a contribution for an endowment to sustain rehabilitation programs for Cambodians suffering from physical disabilities that are administered by an American nongovernmental organization that is directly supported by AID (subject to certain conditions)
(Sec. 561) Directs the Secretaries of Defense and of State to report jointly to Congress on all overseas military training provided to, and proposed to be provided to, foreign military personnel under programs administered by the Defense and State Departments during FY 2002 and 2003.
(Sec. 562) Earmarks specified funds for KEDO for administrative expenses and heavy fuel oil costs associated with the Agreed Framework (Joint Declaration on Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula). Makes such funds available to KEDO if the President certifies to Congress that North Korea is complying with the provisions of the Agreed Framework.
(Sec. 563) Makes funds appropriated by this Act or prior similar Acts that are for the Colombian Armed Forces and National Police available to support the Colombian Government's campaign against narcotics trafficking and against paramilitary and guerrilla organizations designated as terrorist organizations if the Secretary of State has certified to the appropriate congressional committees that such armed forces are cooperating in bringing to justice those members of the armed forces who have committed gross violations of human rights, including extra-judicial killings (subject to specified conditions).
(Sec. 564) Prohibits the Secretary of State from issuing a visa to any alien who the Secretary determines has willfully provided (or conspired to provide) support to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), or the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC). Provides for waiver of such prohibition.
(Sec. 565) Bars the use of funds appropriated under this Act to provide equipment, technical support, consulting services, or any other assistance to the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation.
(Sec. 566) Makes ESF funds available for programs benefitting the Iraqi people and to support efforts to bring about political transition in Iraq (subject to specified conditions).
(Sec. 567) Requires the Secretary of State, 30 days prior to the obligation of ESF funds for the bilateral West Bank and Gaza Program, to certify to the appropriate congressional committees that procedures have been established to ensure that the Comptroller General will have access to appropriate U.S. financial information in order to review the uses of such funds under the Program.
(Sec. 568) Makes foreign military financing program funds available for, and lethal defense articles may be licensed for export to, Indonesia if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that: (1) the Indonesia Minister of Defense is suspending from the Armed Forces those members who have committed gross violations of human rights, or have aided militia groups; (2) the Indonesian Government is prosecuting and punishing such individuals ,and the Indonesian Armed Forces are cooperating with civilian prosecutors and judicial authorities in such cases; and (3) the Minister of Defense is making publicly available audits of receipts and expenditures of the Indonesian Armed Forces, including audits of receipts from private enterprises and foundations.
(Sec. 569) Requires the Department of State to provide briefings to the appropriate congressional committees on any discussions between any executive branch agency and the Government of Taiwan on any potential purchase of defense articles or defense services by the Government of Taiwan.
(Sec. 570) Bars the use of funds appropriated by this Act for assistance for the government of any country that has been determined to have: (1) facilitated the safe passage of weapons or other equipment, or provided lethal or non-lethal military support or equipment, directly or through intermediaries, within the previous six months to the Sierra Leone Revolutionary United Front (RUF), Liberian Security Forces, or any group intent on destabilizing the democratically elected government of the Republic of Sierra Leone; or (2) aided or abetted, within the previous six months, in the illicit distribution, transportation, or sale of diamonds mined in Sierra Leone.
(Sec. 571) Amends the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000 to authorize voluntary separation incentive payments to AID employees who voluntarily separate (whether by retirement or resignation) on or before December 31, 2003, in order to eliminate AID positions and functions contained in a mandatory strategic plan outlining such payments.
(Sec. 572) Makes funds appropriated by this Act available for assistance for the Government of Uzbekistan if the Secretary of State determines and reports to the Committees on Appropriations that it is making substantial progress in meeting its commitments under the "Declaration on the Strategic Partnership and Cooperation Framework Between the republic of Uzbekistan and the United States of America".
(Sec. 573) Urges investigation and publication of information relevant to the December 2, 1980, murders of four American churchwomen in El Salvador, and the May 5, 2001, murder of Sister Barbara Ann Ford and the murder of six others in Guatemala. since December 1999. Directs the President to order all Federal agencies and departments with relevant information, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to declassify and release it expeditiously to the victims' families.
(Sec. 574) Authorizes the commercial leasing of defense articles (instead of the government-to-government sale) to Israel, Egypt, NATO, and major non-NATO allies if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons.
(Sec. 575) Bars the use of funds made available by this Act for assistance (except humanitarian assistance and assistance for democratization), and requires the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors to the international financial institutions to vote against the extension of any assistance, to any country that has failed to take necessary steps to implement its international legal obligations to apprehend and transfer to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia all persons in their territory who have been indicted by the Tribunal.
(Sec. 576) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors at specified international financial institutions to oppose any loan, grant, strategy or policy that would require user fees or service charges on poor people for primary education or primary health care, including prevention and treatment efforts for HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and infant, child, and maternal well-being, in connection with the institution's lending programs.
(Sec. 577) Makes funds appropriated by this Act available for assistance for Serbia if the President determines and certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is: (1) cooperating with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, including the surrender and transfer of indictees or assistance in their apprehension; and (2) taking steps to implement policies which reflect a respect for minority rights and the rule of law, including ending Serbian financial, political, security and other support which has served to maintain separate Republika Srpska institutions. Declares that such requirements shall not apply to Montenegro, Kosovo, humanitarian assistance, assistance to promote democracy in municipalities, or assistance to promote reconciliation among ethnic groups within the former Yugoslavia.
(Sec. 578) Authorizes the use of certain foreign assistance funds to enhance the effectiveness and accountability of civilian police authority in Jamaica and El Salvador through training and technical assistance in human rights, the rule of law, strategic planning, and through the promotion of civilian police roles that support democratic governance, including programs to prevent conflict and foster improved police relations with the community.
(Sec. 579) Authorizes for FY 2003 and 2004 the use of funds made available to the Department of Defense (DOD) for crating, packing, handling, and transportation of excess defense articles to Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, the Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia, Georgia, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Pakistan, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
Amends Federal law to extend through FY 2004 DOD authority to transfer excess defense articles to countries eligible to participate in the Partnership for Peace program and eligible for assistance under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.
(Sec. 580) Prohibits OPIC and the Export-Import Bank of the United States from engaging in certain transactions in connection with a project involving the mining, polishing or other processing, or sale of diamonds in a country that fails to meet certain requirements with respect to the export and import of conflict diamonds.
(Sec. 582) Requires the chief executive officer of a for-profit enterprise doing business with the United States to certify that its financial condition is, to the best knowledge of the officer, complete and accurate before the Export-Import Bank, the OPIC, and the Trade and Development Agency can obligate funds appropriated by this Act for any grant, loan, insurance, reinsurance, or other financing with such enterprise.
(Sec. 584) Bars funds appropriated by this Act from being made available for assistance for the central government of a country that is not taking steps to make publicly available documentation of its revenues from natural resource extraction (including but not limited to oil, natural gas, mining, and timber) within its territory.
(Sec. 585) Urges a specified amount of international narcotics control and law enforcement funds to be made available to the Department of State to establish cooperation with Cuban agencies on counter-narcotics matters and mutual assistance in the interdiction of illicit drugs being transported through Cuban airspace or over Cuban waters, unless the President certifies that: (1) Cuba does not have in place appropriate procedures to protect against the loss of innocent life in the air and on the ground in connection with the interdiction of illegal drugs; and (2) there is evidence of involvement of the Government of Cuba in drug trafficking.
(Sec. 586) Prohibits the use of development assistance funds for abortions or involuntary sterilizations as methods of family planning, to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions, or to provide any financial incentive to undergo sterilization.
(Sec. 587) Urges the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director to each international financial institution to use the U.S. vote to support projects in Tibet that do not provide incentives for the migration and settlement of non-Tibetans into Tibet or facilitate the transfer of ownership of Tibetan land and natural resources to non-Tibetans and meet other specified requirements.