S.1234 - Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000106th Congress (1999-2000)
Summary: S.1234 — 106th Congress (1999-2000)
Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000 - Title I: Export and Investment Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2000 for: (1) direct loans, loan guarantees, tied-aid grants, insurance, and administrative expenses under Export-Import Bank programs; (2) Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) direct and guaranteed loans and credit and insurance programs, including administrative expenses; and (3) the Trade and Development Agency.
Passed Senate amended (06/30/1999)
Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1999 (sic) for: (1) expenses of the President in carrying out certain programs under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; (2) the Agency for International Development (AID) for specified development assistance (allowing availability of limited amounts for the Inter-American Foundation and the African Development Foundation); (3) specified projects aimed at reunification of Cyprus; (4) specified assistance for Lebanon for scholarships and direct support of the American educational institutions there; (5) democracy and humanitarian activities in Burma; (6) specified assistance for Indonesia; (7) specified assistance for the Charles Darwin Research Station and the Charles Darwin Foundation to support research, conservation, training and other activities to protect the province of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; (8) specified assistance for conflict resolution programs involving teenagers of different ethnic, religious, and political backgrounds from the Middle East and other regions of conflict; (9) international disaster assistance; (10) micro and small enterprise development programs; (11) guaranteed loans for the urban and environmental credit program; (12) private and voluntary organizations; (13) the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund; (14) operating expenses of AID (earmarking amounts to Habitat for Humanity International for the purchase of 14 acres of land on behalf of Tibetan refugees living in northern India, and construction of a multi-unit development) and the AID Office of Inspector General; (15) Economic Support Fund (ESF) assistance (earmarking amounts for Israel, Egypt, and Jordan, and to support victims of and programs related to the Holocaust and for political, economic, humanitarian, and associated support activities for Iraqi opposition groups); (16) ESF assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States (earmarking amounts for Kosova, Albania, Romania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, subject to specified conditions); (17) assistance for the new independent states of the former Soviet Union (subject to specified conditions, and earmarking amounts for Romania, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, and Mongolia); (18) the Peace Corps (but with a prohibition on the use of such funds for abortions); (19) international narcotics control and law enforcement (earmarking amounts for mycoherbicide counter drug research and development); (20) migration and refugee assistance; (21) the Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund; (22) nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining, and related programs and activities (including U.S. contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO, subject to specified conditions, and the Nonproliferation and Disarmament Fund); (23) the Department of the Treasury technical assistance program; and (24) debt restructuring of concessional loans, guarantees, and credits made to eligible countries, including sub-Saharan African countries.
Bars the use of development assistance funds for: (1) coercive abortions or involuntary sterilizations; and (2) U.S. private and voluntary organizations which obtain less than 20 percent of annual funding from sources other than the U.S. Government.
Prohibits funds to: (1) Russia unless the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that Russian peacekeepers deployed in Kosova have not established a separate zone of operational control and are fully integrated under the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) unified command; (2) Cambodia until the Secretary of State reports to specified congressional committees that it has established a tribunal for the trial of those who committed genocide or crimes against humanity and has made progress in establishing an independent judicial system, a professional military subordinate to civilian control, and a neutral and accountable police force (excluding demining or other humanitarian programs); and (3) the Government of Azerbaijan until the President reports to Congress that it has ceased all blockades against Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. Bars ESF assistance to the KEDO. Withholds 50 percent of such funds from the Government of Russia until the President certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that it has terminated arrangements to provide Iran with technology to develop a nuclear program.
Title III: Military Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2000 for: (1) expanded international military education and training (IMET) to Guatemala, including earmarking amounts for the Defense Institute of International Studies; (2) foreign military financing grants and direct loans (earmarking amounts for Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia (including drawdowns of defense articles and services), and the Philippines) ; and (3) international peacekeeping operations (subject to certain conditions).
Prohibits foreign military financing for Sudan, Liberia, and Guatemala.
Title IV: Multilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 2000 for the U.S. contribution to: (1) the International Development Association; (2) the Global Environment Facility of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank); (3) the Multilateral Investment guarantee Agency; (4) the Inter-American Development Bank; (5) the Asian Development Bank; (6) the Asian Development Fund; (7) the African Development Bank; and (8) the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Makes appropriations for FY 2000 for international programs and organizations. Sets certain restrictions on international organization funding, including prohibiting the use of funds made available to the United Nations Population Fund for activities in China. Prohibits the use of funds for the KEDO, the United Nations Fund for Science and Technology, or the IAEA.
Title V: General Provisions - Sets forth limits on the use of appropriations, including that no more than 15 percent of such appropriations shall be obligated during the last month of availability.
(Sec. 502) Prohibits the use of funds for bilateral funding of international financial institutions.
(Sec. 503) Sets forth limits on the use of appropriations, including no more than specified maximums for official residence expenses, entertainment expenses, and representation allowances for AID, and for entertainment and representation allowances for the Inter-American Foundation and the Trade and Development Agency. Limits the use of funds for entertainment expenses of the Peace Corps, and of entertainment and representation allowances under the Foreign Military Financing Program.
(Sec. 506) Prohibits the use of funds for: (1) the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology (except for nuclear safety purposes); (2) direct assistance or reparations to Cuba, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Iran, Sudan, or Syria; (3) assistance to any country whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup or decree; (4) certain transfers between appropriations accounts without prior presidential consultation with Congress; (5) assistance to any country in default in excess of a year on payments on a U.S. loan (except for any narcotics-related assistance for Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru); and (6) assistance (except in certain circumstances) for production of any commodity for export by a foreign country, if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on world markets when the resulting productive capacity is expected to become operative, and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar commodity.
(Sec. 514) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of specified international financial institutions to oppose any assistance for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for export if it is in surplus on world markets and such assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar commodity.
(Sec. 516) Declares that funds appropriated for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs, that are returned or not made available for international organizations and programs shall remain available for obligation until FY 2001.
(Sec. 517) Prohibits U.S. sale of Stinger missiles in the Persian Gulf region, with certain exceptions.
(Sec. 518) Prohibits the use of development assistance funds for abortions or involuntary sterilizations as methods of family planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions, or provide any financial incentive to undergo sterilization.
(Sec. 519) Declares that nongovernmental and multilateral organizations shall not be subjected to requirements more restrictive than requirements applicable to foreign governments in determining eligibility for population planning assistance.
(Sec. 520) Directs the Attorney General to report to the Committees on Appropriations on the circumstances under which individuals involved in the December 2, 1980, murders or cover-up of the murders of four American churchwomen in El Salvador obtained residence in the United States.
(Sec. 521) Prohibits the use of funds for Colombia, Haiti, Liberia, Pakistan, Panama, Serbia, Sudan, or the Democratic Republic of Congo, except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 523) Makes funds available to AID for family planning, health, child survival, environment, and basic education and AIDS research and control in developing countries.
(Sec. 524) Bars funding for indirect assistance or reparations to Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Iran, Syria, North Korea, or China unless the President certifies that the withholding of such funds is contrary to the U.S. national security interest.
(Sec. 525) Designates, subject to a specified exception, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) (defined as Serbia, but not Montenegro or Kosova) as a terrorist state. Requires all provisions of law that impose sanctions against a country whose government is engaged in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights to be fully enforced against FRY.
Urges the President to seek multilateral cooperation to: (1) deny dangerous technologies to the FRY; (2) induce the Government of FRY to respect internationally recognized human rights; and (3) induce such government to allow appropriate international humanitarian and human rights organizations to have access to the FRY.
(Sec. 526) Requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to notify the Committees on Appropriations before providing excess DOD articles to certain NATO and major non-NATO countries.
(Sec. 528) Prohibits bilateral assistance funds to any country which the President determines grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism or otherwise supports such activities. Authorizes a waiver of this prohibition by the President for national security and humanitarian reasons, requiring notification to the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 529) Authorizes the commercial leasing of defense articles (instead of government-to-government sale) to Israel, Egypt, NATO, and major non-NATO allies if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons.
(Sec. 530) Requires all AID contracts and subcontracts to include a clause requiring that U.S. insurance companies have a fair opportunity to bid for insurance when insurance is necessary or appropriate.
(Sec. 531) Authorizes the payment of a $10,000 cash award (distinguished development service award) to a career or non-career AID employee who through extraordinary efforts makes a significant contribution to assisting developing countries to meet the basic needs of their people.
(Sec. 532) Authorizes nongovernmental organizations which are AID grantees or contractors to place funds made available to them under this Act in interest bearing accounts in order to enhance their participation in economic activities under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, including endowments and debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges.
(Sec. 533) Directs the Administrator of AID to require foreign countries that receive foreign assistance which results in the generation of local currencies to deposit such currencies in a separate account to be used to finance foreign assistance activities.
(Sec. 534) Prohibits payments to any international financial institution while the U.S. Executive Director to the institution is compensated at a rate in excess of that for Level IV of the Executive Schedule.
(Sec. 535) Bars assistance to any country that is not in compliance with the United Nations (UN) sanctions against Iraq, unless the President certifies to the Congress that such assistance: (1) is in the U.S. national interest; (2) will directly benefit the needy people in that country; or (3) will be humanitarian assistance for foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait.
(Sec. 537) Declares that provisions under this or any other Act authorizing or making appropriations for foreign operations or export financing shall not be construed to prohibit activities authorized by the Peace Corps Act, the Inter-American Foundation Act, or the African Development Foundation Act. Requires an agency to report to the Committees on Appropriations whenever it is conducting or proposing activities in a country for which such assistance is prohibited.
Declares that limits on the availability of funds for international organizations and programs shall not be construed as applying to the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
(Sec. 538) Prohibits the use of funds to provide: (1) any financial incentive to a business for purposes of inducing it to relocate outside the United States if it will reduce the number of employees in the United States; (2) assistance for establishing or developing in a foreign country an export processing zone or other designated area in which a country's tax, tariff, labor, environment, and safety laws do not apply to activities in the area, unless the President certifies that such assistance is not likely to cause a loss of U.S. jobs; or (3) assistance for any project that contributes to the violation of internationally recognized workers rights in the recipient country.
(Sec. 539) Directs OPIC to establish a $200 million Maritime Fund to support international maritime projects.
(Sec. 540) Declares that funds appropriated under this Act for Afghanistan, Lebanon, Montenegro, and for victims of war, displaced children, displaced Burmese, humanitarian assistance for Romania, and humanitarian assistance for the peoples of Kosova may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law.
Authorizes the use of foreign assistance funds to support tropical forestry and biodiversity conservation programs, and (subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations) energy programs aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Authorizes AID to employ personal services contractors to administer programs for the West Bank and Gaza.
(Sec. 541) Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to: (1) immediate public renunciation by Arab League countries of the boycott of Israel (reinstated in 1997) and of American firms having commercial ties with Israel; and (2) steps the President should take to encourage such renunciation.
(Sec. 542) Authorizes the use of ESF funds to strengthen the administration of justice in countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, and in other regions.
(Sec. 543) Declares that restrictions on assistance to foreign countries contained in this Act or any other Act (except those relating to international terrorism or human rights violations) shall not be construed to restrict assistance: (1) in support of certain programs of nongovernmental organizations; or (2) under specified provisions of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954.
(Sec. 544) Authorizes the reprogramming of earmarked appropriations for other programs within the same account, provided certain requirements are met.
(Sec. 546) Prohibits the use of funds for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States that were not authorized before the enactment of this Act. Makes specified funds available to private and voluntary organizations to deal with world hunger problems abroad.
(Sec. 547) Declares that assistance under this Act should make full use of American resources, including commodities, products, and services, to the maximum extent possible.
Declares the sense of Congress that, to the greatest extent practicable, all agricultural commodities, equipment, and products purchased with funds made available in this Act should be American-made. Requires Federal agency heads, in providing financial assistance to or entering into any contract with any entity using funds made available in this Act, to notify such entity of this intention.
(Sec. 548) Prohibits the use of funds to pay any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any U.N. member.
(Sec. 550) Prohibits the provision of funds to a private voluntary organization that fails to provide any document, file, or record necessary to the auditing requirements of AID.
(Sec. 551) Prohibits the provision of funds to any foreign government that provides lethal military equipment to a country that the Secretary of State has determined has a terrorist government, unless the President determines that the furnishing of such assistance is in the U.S. national interest.
(Sec. 552) Withholds assistance to a foreign country in an amount equal to 110 percent of the total unpaid parking fines and penalties owed by the country to the District of Columbia.
(Sec. 553) Prohibits the obligation of any appropriations for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the West Bank and Gaza unless the President has exercised certain authorities to suspend prohibitions on assistance to the PLO.
(Sec. 554) Permits the President to provide up to a specified amount of commodities and services to the UN War Crimes Tribunal if doing so will contribute to a just resolution of charges regarding genocide or other violations of international law in the former Yugoslavia.
(Sec. 555) Authorizes disposal on a grant basis in foreign countries of demining equipment used in support of the clearance of land mines and unexploded ordnance for humanitarian purposes.
(Sec. 556) Prohibits the obligation of appropriations to create in Jerusalem a new U.S. agency office for the purpose of conducting U.S. business with the Palestinian Authority over Gaza and Jericho (or any successor Palestinian governing entity) provided for in the Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles.
(Sec. 557) Prohibits the obligation of certain funds appropriated for Informational Program activities to pay for: (1) alcoholic beverages; (2) food (other than food provided at a military installation) not provided in conjunction with Informational Program trips where students do not stay at a military installation; or (3) entertainment expenses for recreational activities.
(Sec. 558) Authorizes the President to reduce amounts owed to the United States by eligible countries as a result of: (1) housing guarantees made pursuant to the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; (2) credits extended or guarantees issued under the Arms Export Control Act; or (3) any obligation for a Latin American country to pay for purchases of U.S. agricultural commodities guaranteed by the Commodity Credit Corporation.
Permits exercise of such authority only: (1) to implement multilateral official debt relief and referendum agreements known as the Paris Club Agreed Minutes; and (2) with respect to countries with heavy debt burdens that are eligible to borrow from the International Development Association (but not from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) (IDA-only countries). Prescribes additional conditions for the exercise of such authority.
(Sec. 559) Authorizes the President to engage in certain debt buybacks or sales. Authorizes sale, reduction, or cancellation of certain loans to foreign governments, upon receipt of payment from an eligible purchaser that plans to use such loans only for the purposes of engaging in debt-for-equity swaps, debt-for-development swaps, or debt-for-nature swaps. Limits such authority to funds appropriated by this Act under the heading of debt restructuring.
(Sec. 560) Urges the President, in providing assistance to Haiti, to place priority on: (1) aggressive action to support the Haitian National Police, including efforts to purge corrupt and politicized elements within the police; (2) steps to ensure that U.S. assisted elections in Haiti are free, fair, and democratic; (3) a program to develop an indigenous human rights monitoring capacity; (4) steps to continue privatization of state-owned enterprises; and (5) a sustained agricultural development program. Directs the President to report to specified congressional committees on the status: (1) of each of the governmental institutions envisioned in the 1987 Haitian Constitution; (2) of the privatization of the major public entities; (3) has signed or is implementing the bilateral Repatriation Agreement with the United States and is cooperating with the United States in halting illegal emigration from Haiti; (4) is conducting thorough investigations of extrajudicial and political killings and has made substantial progress in bringing to justice the persons responsible for such killings in Haiti; (5) has taken action to remove from the Haitian National Police, national palace and residential guard, ministerial guard, and any other public security entity individuals who have committed human rights violations; (6) of steps being taken to secure ratification of the maritime counter-narcotics agreements signed October 1997; (7) of the degree to which domestic capacity to conduct free, fair, and democratic elections has been developed in Haiti; and (8) whether or not Haiti's Minister of Justice has consistently placed students graduated by the Judicial School in appropriate judicial positions, has committed to sharing program costs associated with the School, and is achieving progress in making the judicial branch independent of the executive branch.
(Sec. 561) Requires a specified annual report of the Secretary of State containing the voting record of each foreign member country of the UN to include a side-by-side comparison of each country's overall support for the United States at the UN and the amount of U.S. assistance provided to it in FY 1998.
(Sec. 562) Makes the Government of Haiti eligible to purchase U.S. defense articles and services for the civilian-led Haitian National Police and Coast Guard.
(Sec. 563) Prohibits the use of funds for the security forces of a foreign country if the Secretary of State believes they have committed gross violations of human rights, unless the Secretary reports to the Committees on Appropriations that such country is taking steps to bring the responsible persons to justice.
(Sec. 564) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of international financial institutions to oppose loans to the Government of Cambodia (except to support basic human needs) unless it has: (1) held free and fair elections in which all political candidates were permitted freedom of speech, assembly, and equal access to the media, and the central Election Commission was composed of representatives from all parties; and (2) established a panel and begun prosecution of Khmer Rouge leaders including Ta Mok, Khieu Sampan, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Ke Pauk, and Duch (Kang Khev Leu).
(Sec. 565) Requires that any agreement between the United States and the Government of Indonesia for the sale of lethal weapons shall state that such items will not be used in East Timor.
(Sec. 566) Prohibits the United States from paying any voluntary contribution to the UN, including the UN Development Program, unless the President certifies to Congress 15 days in advance of such payment that the UN is not engaged in any effort to implement or impose any taxation on U.S. persons in order to raise revenue for itself or any of its specialized agencies.
(Sec. 567) Provides for bilateral and multilateral assistance sanctions (with humanitarian, democratization, and certain infrastructure project exceptions) against countries harboring war criminals indicted with respect to the former Yugoslavia. Prohibits the provision of direct assistance for programs, projects, or activities that would benefit a publicly indicted war criminal, any person who aids or abets such criminal to evade apprehension, or any person who obstructs the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Directs the Secretary of State to establish, and report to the appropriate congressional committees, a current record of the location, if known, of publicly indicted war criminals and of sanctioned countries.
(Sec. 568) Authorizes for FY 1999 and 2000 the use of Department of Defense (DOD) funds for crating, packing, handling, and transportation of excess defense articles to countries that are eligible to participate in the Partnership for Peace and that are eligible for assistance under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.
(Sec. 569) Makes funds available for FY 2000 for defense article stockpiles in foreign countries, including the Republic of Korea and Thailand.
(Sec. 570) Prohibits the use of funds for the Government of Russian Federation unless the President certifies to specified congressional committees that the Federation has not enacted laws or promulgated executive orders that discriminate against religious minorities in violation of international agreements on human rights and religious freedoms to which it is a party.
(Sec. 571) Subjects the availability of funds in this Act to support programs or activities promoting country participation in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
(Sec. 572) Prohibits funds appropriated under this Act from being provided to the Central Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
(Sec. 574) Bars funds for a Government of the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union: (1) unless it is making progress in implementing economic reforms based on market principles, private ownership, respect for commercial contracts, and equitable treatment of foreign private investment; (2) if it transfers U.S. assistance to any entity for the purpose of expropriating or seizing ownership or control of assets, investments, or ventures; (3) if it directs any action in violation of the territorial integrity or national sovereignty of any other new independent state; or (4) to enhance its military capability.
(Sec. 575) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to declare that the prohibition on the use of funds under such Act to provide law enforcement training to foreign governments within the United States or abroad shall not apply with respect to assistance provided to customs personnel for customs law enforcement.
(Sec. 576) Authorizes voluntary separation incentive payments to AID employees to eliminate AID positions and functions contained in a mandatory strategic plan outlining such payments.
(Sec. 577) Requires the Comptroller General, not more than 30 days before the obligation of funds made available under this Act for assistance for the Palestinian Authority, to certify that such Authority: (1) has adopted an accounting system to ensure that such funds will be used for their intended assistance purposes; and (2) has cooperated with the Comptroller in the certification.
(Sec. 578) Imposes certain economic and political sanctions against Serbia unless the President makes a certain certification with respect to Serbia to specified congressional committees. Exempts the governments of Montenegro and Kosova from such sanctions.
(Sec. 579) Urges the export of U.S. clean coal technology.
(Sec. 580) Expresses the sense of Congress: (1) with respect to the management of U.S. interests in the Ukraine; and (2) that the Secretary of State should designate the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs to perform the responsibilities of the State Department for the management of such interests.
(Sec. 581) Makes certain funds available for acquisition of AID office space only if the appropriate congressional committees are notified at least 15 days in advance in accordance with applicable reprogramming notification procedures.
(Sec. 582) Prohibits the use of funds appropriated under this Act for U.S. assistance for reconstruction efforts in Yugoslavia for the procurement of any article produced outside the United States, the recipient country, or least developed countries, or any service provided by a foreign person, with specified exceptions.
(Sec. 583) Earmarks specified funds for the Iraqi Foundation.
(Sec. 584) Urges the President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of the Treasury to intensify their efforts to prevail upon the Indonesian Government and military to: (1) disarm and disband anti-independence militias in East Timor; (2) grant full access to East Timor by international human rights monitors, humanitarian organizations, and the press; (3) allow exiled Timorese to return to East Timor to campaign for and participate in the ballot; and (5) release all political prisoners. Requires the President to report to Congress on the Administration's efforts and his assessment of efforts made by the Indonesian Government and military to fulfill such requirements.
(Sec. 585) Expresses the sense of the Senate with respect to the work of the Citizens Democracy Corps in promoting economic development and open, democratic countries in the former Soviet Union and Central Eastern Europe.
(Sec. 586) Authorizes the President to furnish assistance for individuals and independent organizations to promote and strengthen institutions of democratic government and the growth of an independent civil society in Yugoslavia, including ethnic tolerance and respect for internationally recognized human rights. Authorizes appropriations. Prohibits such assistance to the Governments of Yugoslavia or Serbia. Authorizes such assistance to the Government of Montenegro if certain conditions are met.
(Sec. 587) Directs the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State to report jointly to Congress on all military training provided to foreign military personnel (excluding sales) administered by the DOD and the State Department during FY 1999 and 2000.
(Sec. 588) Expresses the sense of the Senate that if the total allocation for this Act is higher than the level passed by the Senate, a top priority for additional funds should be to increase the funding to combat infectious diseases, especially tuberculosis.
(Sec. 589) Directs the President to continue and expand efforts through the UN and other international fora, including the Wassenaar Arrangement, to limit arms transfers worldwide by establishing a permanent multilateral regime to govern their transfer, particularly to countries: (1) that engage in persistent violations of human rights, engage in acts of armed aggression, and do not fully participate in the UN Register of Conventional Arms; and (2) in regions in which arms transfers would exacerbate regional arms races or international tensions that present a danger to international peace and stability.
(Sec. 590) Expresses the sense of the Senate that programs contained in the Expanded Threat Reduction Initiative (ETRI) are vital to the national security of the United States and that funding of such programs should be restored in conference to levels requested in the President's budget.
(Sec. 591) Expresses the sense of the Senate that, as long as North Korea meets its obligations under the United States-North Korean Nuclear Agreed Framework of 1994, the United States should meet its commitments under the Agreed Framework, including required deliveries of heavy fuel oil to North Korea and support of the KEDO.
(Sec. 592) Declares that the Senate finds that: (1) the proposed ETRI programs are critical to preserving US national security; and (2) State Department programs under the ETRI be funded at or near the full request of $250 million in the Foreign Operations Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2000 prior to final passage.
(Sec. 593) Expresses the sense of the Senate on the convening of an international conference on the Balkans.
(Sec. 594) Earmarks a specified amount of international disaster assistance for rehabilitation and economic recovery in opposition-controlled areas of the Sudan.
(Sec. 595) Authorizes the President to provide humanitarian assistance, including food, to the National Democratic Alliance participants and the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement operating outside of the Operation Lifeline Sudan structure.
(Sec. 596) Authorizes the President to increase substantially the amount of development assistance for capacity building, democracy promotion, civil administration, judiciary, and infrastructure support in opposition-controlled areas of the Sudan.
(Sec. 597) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the United States should: (1) recognize the crisis in Colombia and play a more proactive role in its resolution; and (2) mobilize the international community to engage proactively in resolving Colombian wars.
(Sec. 598) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President and the Secretary of State should: (1) raise the need for accountability of Saddam Hussein and key members of his regime at the International Criminal Court Preparatory Commission; and (2) continue to push for the UN to form an international criminal tribunal for the purpose of indicting, prosecuting, and imprisoning Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi officials who may be found responsible for crimes against humanity, genocide, and other violations of international humanitarian law.
(Sec. 599) Expresses the sense of the Senate that nothing in this Act (or Senate Report Number 106-81) relating to assistance provided to Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia under the Foreign Military Financing Program should be interpreted as expressing the will of the Senate to accelerate membership of those countries into NATO.
(Sec. 599A) Directs the Secretary of State, consistent with the intent of Congress expressed in a specified section of the Taiwan Relations Act, to consult with the appropriate congressional committees and leadership of Congress to devise a mechanism to provide congressional input before making any determination on the nature or quantity of defense articles and services to be made available to Taiwan.
(Sec. 599B) Expresses the sense of the Senate that the United States should provide Egypt access to an interest bearing account as part of the U.S. foreign assistance program pursuant to the principles of proportionality which underlie the Camp David Accords.
(Sec. 599C) Authorizes appropriations for the U.S. participation in the: (1) fifth general capital increase of the African Development Bank; (2) first general capital increase of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency; (3) first general capital increase of the Inter-American Investment Corporation; (4) eight replenishment of the resources of the African Development Fund; and (5) twelfth replenishment of the International Development Association.
(Sec. 599D) Establishes a working capital fund for AID expenses of personal and nonpersonal services, equipment and supplies.
(Sec. 599E) Earmarks specified funds for the cost of direct loans and loan guarantees (including administrative expenses) to foreign countries under the development credit authority program account of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
(Sec. 599F) Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999 - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize specified assistance, including humanitarian, economic, migration and refugee, development, border control, and democracy building assistance to promote economic and political independence in the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries.
Title VI: International Trafficking of Women and Children Victim Protection - International Trafficking of Women and Children Victim Reporting Act of 1999 - Requires the Secretary of State (as part of the State Department's Annual Human Rights Report) to report annually to Congress on the status of international trafficking in women and children, including: (1) a list of foreign states where such trafficking originates, passes through, or is a destination; and (2) an assessment of the efforts of the governments of such states to combat it. (Defines "trafficking" as the use of deception, coercion, debt bondage, the threat of force, or the abuse of authority to recruit, transport within or across borders, purchase, sell, transfer, receive, or harbor a person for the purpose of placing or holding such person, whether for pay or not, in involuntary servitude, or slavery or slavery-like conditions, or in forced, bonded, or coerced labor.)