S.2636 - Clean Power Plant and Modernization Act of 1998105th Congress (1997-1998)
Summary: S.2636 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)
Introduced in Senate (10/15/1998)
Clean Power Plant and Modernization Act of 1998 - Requires fossil fuel-fired generating units (units) that commence operation on or before ten years after this Act's enactment date to achieve and maintain a combustion heat rate efficiency of at least 45 percent (based on the higher heating value of the fuel). Sets such percentage at 50 percent for units commencing operation more than ten years after such date, unless granted a waiver.
Authorizes units that commence operation more than ten years after this Act's enactment to apply to the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency for waivers of the heat rate efficiency standard. Grants such a waiver only if the unit owner or operator: (1) demonstrates that the technology to meet such standard is not commercially available; (2) demonstrates that, despite best technical efforts and willingness to make the financial commitment, the standard is not achievable; and (3) enters into an agreement with the Administrator to offset by a factor of 1.5 to 1, the emission reductions that the unit does not achieve because of the failure to achieve such standard. Requires units receiving waivers to achieve the 45 percent standard.
(Sec. 5) Requires units, not later than ten years after this Act's enactment and regardless of the date of construction or commencement of operation, to operate in compliance with new source review requirements under the Clean Air Act (the Act).
Establishes specified emission limitations for mercury, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides from units based on the respective efficiency standards.
Requires units to obtain permits under the Act that require compliance with such standards and limitations.
Directs the Administrator to promulgate fuel sampling and emission monitoring techniques for use by units in calculating mercury emission reductions. Provides for the submission of pollutant-specific reports by owners or operators. Makes facility-specific emission data available to the public.
Requires the Administrator to promulgate regulations to ensure that mercury that is captured or recovered is disposed of in a manner that ensures that hazards are not transferred from one environmental medium to another and that there is no release of mercury into the environment.
(Sec. 6) Amends the Internal Revenue Code to provide for accelerated depreciation and cost recovery for certain investor-owned units.
(Sec. 7) Provides for annual grants for capital expenditures for new publicly owned units in compliance with this Act in amounts equal to the depreciation deduction that would be realized by similarly-situated investor-owned units over the applicable time period.
(Sec. 8) Establishes the Clean Air Trust Fund in the Treasury. Appropriates carbon dioxide emission taxes (established by this Act) to the Fund. Authorizes appropriations to the Fund for additional expenditures resulting from activities under this Act.
(Sec. 9) Imposes a tax of $50 per ton of carbon dioxide emitted by units with a generating capacity of five or more megawatts. Phases in such tax gradually from 2003 through 2009.
(Sec. 10) Makes certain facilities that use solar power to produce electricity eligible for the renewable energy tax credit.
(Sec. 11) Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to crediting permanent reductions in carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions in future climate change implementation programs.
(Sec. 12) Directs the Secretary of Energy to fund research and development programs and commercial demonstration projects and partnerships to demonstrate the commercial viability and environmental benefits of electric power generation from biomass, geothermal, solar, and wind technologies. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 13) Requires the Secretary to report to the Congress on the implementation of this Act and on provisions of certain energy statutes that conflict with this Act. Provides for recommendations from the Secretary, the Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and the Administrator for legislative or administrative measures to harmonize and streamline such statutes.
(Sec. 14) Authorizes appropriations for: (1) assistance to coal industry workers terminated from employment, and to communities adversely affected, as a result of reduced coal consumption by the electric power generation industry; and (2) development of a carbon sequestration strategy to offset growth in U.S. carbon dioxide emissions and for carrying out methods of biologically sequestering carbon dioxide.