H.R.493 - Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 1997105th Congress (1997-1998)
Summary: H.R.493 — 105th Congress (1997-1998)
Introduced in House (01/21/1997)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: House of Representatives Election Spending Limits
Title II: Reduction of Special Interest Influence
Subtitle A: Limitations on Political Action Committees
and Large Contributions of Individuals
Subtitle B: Provisions Relating to Soft Money of
Subtitle C: Soft Money of Persons Other than Political
Subtitle D: Contributions
Subtitle E: Additional Prohibitions on Contributions
Subtitle F: Coordinated and Independent Expenditures
Title III: Enforcement and Disclosure
Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 1997 - Title I: House of Representatives Election Spending Limits and Benefits - Amends the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (FECA) to make candidates for election to the House of Representatives eligible to receive benefits under this Act if they declare that they will not exceed expenditure or contribution limits.
Sets forth expenditure limits of $600,000 by a candidate and authorized committees, allowing additional expenditures for: (1) runoffs and contested primaries; and (2) complying candidates running against noncomplying candidates.
Entitles eligible candidates to receive certain broadcast media rates and reduced postage rates.
Directs the Federal Election Commission (Commission) to certify a candidate who has met the requirements of this title as eligible for benefits under such title.
Requires repayment of benefits by a candidate whose certification has been revoked. Sets forth laddered civil penalties for excess expenditures.
(Sec. 102) Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to: (1) provide for preemption only in situations beyond a station's control; and (2) extend the license revocation provision for failure to provide cable access.
(Sec. 104) Amends FECA to set contribution limits for eligible House candidates.
(Sec. 105) Sets forth expenditure reporting requirements.
Title II: Reduction of Special Interest Influence - Subtitle A: Limitations on Political Action Committees and Large Contributions of Individuals - Amends FECA to modify political action committee contribution limits. Prohibits leadership committees. (Sec. 202) Limits the aggregate amount of large contributions to congressional campaigns.
Subtitle B: Provisions Relating to Soft Money of Political Parties - Amends FECA with respect to "soft money" to: (1) prohibit a national committee of a political party (including specified related entities) from soliciting or receiving contributions or making expenditures not subject to such Act; (2) require a State, district, or local committee of a political party to make Federal election year expenditures (with exceptions) from funds subject to such Act; (3) prohibit a national, State, district, or local committee from soliciting or donating funds to a nonprofit organization; and (4) prohibit an incumbent or candidate for Federal office from soliciting or receiving funds not subject to such Act, or solicit or receive funds for a non-Federal election in excess of certain limits or from prohibited sources (with exceptions for State or local candidates in compliance with State law).
(Sec. 212) Increases limits on individual contributions to national political parties.
(Sec. 213) Imposes or modifies political committee reporting requirements.
(Sec. 214) Removes the exclusion of office facility construction or purchase contributions from the definition of "contribution."
Subtitle C: Soft Money of Persons Other Than Political Parties - Imposes reporting requirements regarding disbursements over $2,000 by a person other than a political party committee or a candidate.
Subtitle D: Contributions - Revises requirements regarding contributions made through an intermediary or conduit.
Subtitle E: Additional Prohibitions on Contributions - Prohibits: (1) a person not eligible to register to vote in a Federal election from contributing or promising to contribute in such an election; and (2) a person from accepting or soliciting such a contribution.
Subtitle F: Coordination and Independent Expenditures - Revises the definition of "independent expenditure."
(Sec. 252) Treats: (1) payments coordinated with a candidate, agent, or committee, as contributions; and (2) certain payments and communications containing express advocacy as expenditures.
(Sec. 254) Sets forth related reporting requirements.
Title III: Enforcement and Disclosure - Amends FECA to provide for: (1) random compliance audits; (2) certain reporting on an election cycle rather than a calendar year basis; (3) consulting service disclosure; (4) injunction and litigation authority for the Commission; (5) Commission member term limits; (6) expedited Commission procedures and increased penalties for violations of such Act; and (7) mandatory (with exceptions) electronic filing of Commission reports.
Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends FECA to restrict the use of campaign funds for personal purposes.
(Sec. 402) Sets forth political advertising provisions for print and broadcast or cablecast communications.
(Sec. 406) Restricts political committee insolvency actions to Commission proceedings.
(Sec. 407) Directs the Commission to promulgate regulations concerning the use of non-Federal money.
(Sec. 408) Prohibits franked mass mailings by a Member in his or her election year.
(Sec. 411) Provides for expedited and mandatory Supreme Court review of any appeal of any interlocutory order or final court action on the constitutionality of any provision of this Act.