Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Conference report filed in House (03/10/1998)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Division A: Consolidation of Foreign Affairs Agencies

Title I: General Provisions

Title II: United States Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency

Title III: United States Information Agency

Title IV: United States International Development

Cooperation Agency

Title V: Agency for International Development

Title VI: Transition

Division B: Foreign Relations Authorization

Title X: General Provisions

Title XI: Authorization of Appropriations for

Department of State

Title XII: Department of State Authorities and

Activities

Title XIII: Organization of the Department of State;

Department of State Personnel; The Foreign Service

Title XIV: United States Informational, Educational,

and Cultural Programs

Title XV: International Organizations Other Than United

Nations

Title XVI: United States Arms Control and Disarmament

Agency

Title XVII: European Security Act of 1998

Title XVIII: Other Foreign Policy Provisions

Division C: United Nations Reform

Title XX: General Provisions

Title XXI: Authorization of Appropriations

Title XXII: United Nations Activities

Title XXIII: Arrears Payments and Reform

Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 - Division A: Consolidation of Foreign Affairs Agencies - Title I: General Provisions - Foreign Affairs Agencies Consolidation Act of 1998 - Specifies the purposes of this division, including: (1) to strengthen the coordination of U.S. foreign policy; (2) to consolidate the foreign affairs functions of the United States within the Department of State; and (3) to assist congressional efforts to balance the Federal budget and reduce the Federal debt. Directs the Secretary of State to report to the appropriate congressional committees each FY 1999 through 2001 on budgetary cost savings resulting from the reorganization.

Title II: United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency - Abolishes the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA) as of October 1, 1998 (or, if earlier, the date mandated in the reorganization plan required by this Act), and transfers all functions of the ACDA Director to the Secretary.

(Sec. 213) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to establish in the Department of State an Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security.

Title III: United States Information Agency - Abolishes the U.S. Information Agency (USIA) (other than the Broadcasting Board of Governors and the International Broadcasting Bureau) as of October 1, 1999 (or, if earlier, the date mandated in the reorganization plan required by this Act), and transfers all functions of the USIA Director to the Secretary.

(Sec. 313) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to establish in the Department of State an Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy.

(Sec. 314) Abolishes the Office of the Inspector General of the USIA, and transfers all functions to the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign Service.

(Sec. 322) Amends the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 to declare that the Broadcasting Board of Governors shall continue to exist within the Executive branch of Government.

(Sec. 328) Directs the Broadcasting Board of Governors to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the progress of the Board and of Radio Free Europe-Radio Liberty (RFE-RL), Incorporated to privatize the latter.

(Sec. 334) Abolishes the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

(Sec. 336) Repeals specified laws.

Title IV: United States International Development Cooperation Agency - Abolishes the United States International Development Cooperation Agency (IDCA) (including the Institute for Scientific and Technological Cooperation, but excluding the Agency for International Development (AID) and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)) as of October 1, 1998, (or, if earlier, the date mandated in the reorganization plan required by this Act), and transfers all functions of the Agency Director to the Secretary.

Title V: Agency for International Development - Mandates reorganization of AID, according to a specified plan required by this Act, as of October 1, 1998 (or, if earlier, the date mandated in the plan), and transfers specified functions to the Department of State.

(Sec. 522) Declares that the Administrator of AID shall report to and be under the direct authority and foreign policy guidance of the Secretary.

(Sec. 523) Directs the Secretary, under the direction of the President, to coordinate all U.S. assistance programs, except export promotion (which shall be under the Secretary of Commerce) and international economic activities (which shall be under the Secretary of the Treasury).

Title VI: Transition - Directs the President to submit to the appropriate congressional committees a reorganization plan for: (1) the abolition, and transfer of functions, of ACDA, USIA, and IDCA; and (2) the consolidation, and transfer of functions, of AID.

(Sec. 611) Sets forth transition administrative provisions regarding: (1) the Secretary's reorganization authorities; (2) the transfer and allocation of appropriations and personnel; and (3) specified incidental transfers of personnel, liabilities, records, and funds.

(Sec. 617) Requires the President to submit to the appropriate congressional committees a final accounting of the finances and operations of the agencies abolished under this Act.

Division B: Foreign Relations Authorization - Title X (sic): General Provisions - Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 - Defines "appropriate congressional committees" for purposes of this Act.

Title XI: Authorization of Appropriations for Department of State - Authorizes appropriations for the Department of State for FY 1998 and 1999 for: (1) the administration of foreign affairs; (2) international commissions; (3) the Asia Foundation; and (4) contributions to international organizations and international peacekeeping activities.

(Sec. 1106) Specifies limits on the U.S. voluntary contribution to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) with respect to UNDP programs and activities in Burma unless the President certifies that certain humanitarian conditions are met.

(Sec. 1107) Earmarks specified amounts of foreign assistance funds for the United Nations Population Fund.

Title XII: Department of State Authorities and Activities - Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize a Federal agency to make grants to the Department, or otherwise reimburse or credit it with advance payment, for funds used in providing assistance to overseas educational facilities attended by children of agency employees.

(Sec. 1202) Revises the Department of State's reward program for information leading to the arrest or conviction of any individual in connection with acts of international terrorism against U.S. persons or property or with certain narcotics-related offenses. Adds conspiracy, attempt to commit such acts, and aiding or abetting to the list of crimes for which information rewards may be paid. Requires approval by the Attorney General of all rewards in a matter over which there is Federal criminal jurisdiction.

Authorizes appropriations for such awards, with limitations.

(Sec. 1203) Changes from $700,000 to all the amount of registration fees collected by the Office of Defense Trade Controls of the Department of State which shall be credited for each fiscal year to a Department account, without limitation. Adds to the permissible expenses payable from such account the enhancement of specified defense trade export compliance and enforcement activities.

(Sec. 1205) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to authorize the Secretary to provide training (except foreign language training unless such person is under contract to provide services to the U.S. Government) through the Foreign Service Institute to any U.S. person or U.S. company employee and his or her family engaged in business abroad.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to charge a fee for use of the Department's National Foreign Affairs Training Center Facility.

(Sec. 1206) Authorizes the Secretary to charge a fee for the use of the Department of State's diplomatic reception rooms.

(Sec. 1207) Directs the Secretary to include in the annual Congressional Presentation Document and the Budget in Brief an accounting of the total collections received from all sources, including fees.

(Sec. 1208) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to direct the Inspector General of the Foreign Service to develop and provide employees under investigation with information detailing their rights to counsel and the policies and procedures of the Office of the Inspector General. Requires a report to the appropriate congressional committees on the Office's policy guidelines with respect to public disclosure of information during an ongoing investigation.

(Sec. 1209) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 to allow use of the Capital Investment Fund for enhancement of information technology and other related capital investments.

(Sec. 1211) Amends the International Claims Settlement Act to grant jurisdiction to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission of the United States to adjudicate claims included in a category of claims against a foreign government upon referral by the Secretary.

(Sec. 1212) Amends the Department of State Appropriation Act, 1937 to authorize the Secretary to accept, in certain cases, reimbursement from private sector claimants for ordinary (currently, only extraordinary) expenses incurred in pursuing a claim on their behalf against a foreign government or other foreign entity.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to procure personal services in prosecuting such a claim or a proceeding before an international tribunal.

(Sec. 1213) Amends the International Child Abduction Remedies Act to authorize the U.S. Central Authority to make grants to, or contract with, any individual, corporation, or other Federal, State, or local agency, or U.S. private organization for the purpose of helping it remedy international child abductions (returning wrongfully removed children, as well as securing the exercise of visitation rights).

(Sec. 1214) Directs the Secretary to establish, and submit to the Congress, a comprehensive, long-term strategy to carry out the counterdrug responsibilities of the Department of State that is consistent with specified objectives of the National Drug Control Strategy.

Requires the Secretary to take appropriate actions to establish, for use in consideration of visa applications, an information system or improve existing information systems containing comprehensive information on serious crimes committed by foreign nationals.

Requires the chief of mission of every foreign mission to designate an officer who shall be responsible for coordination of counterdrug programs.

(Sec. 1215) Amends the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 to direct the Secretary to submit to the Congress a report listing overseas U.S. surplus properties that have been identified for sale.

(Sec. 1216) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to require the Secretary's annual report to the Congress on human rights to include the status of child labor practices in each country. Changes the deadline for such report from January 31 to February 25.

(Sec. 1217) Directs the Secretary of State to report annually to the Congress on: (1) the number of persons and aliens residing in the United States entitled to diplomatic immunity from criminal prosecution, including each case involving such an alien whom appropriate law enforcement authorities reasonably believe to have committed a serious crime within the United States; (2) the number of U.S. citizens residing in a receiving state who are entitled to diplomatic immunity from criminal prosecution there, including each case in which the United States has been requested by the government of the state to waive immunity; and (3) whether each foreign mission has been notified of U.S. policies relating to criminal offenses committed by individuals with diplomatic immunity.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should explore, in appropriate fora, whether states should enter into agreements and adopt legislation to provide: (1) jurisdiction in the sending state to prosecute crimes committed in the receiving state by persons entitled to diplomatic immunity; and (2) that where there is probable cause to believe that an individual with such immunity committed a serious crime, the sending state will waive immunity or will prosecute the individual.

(Sec. 1218) Declares it is U.S. policy to foster and support procurement of international telecommunications goods and services from private, commercial companies. Directs the Diplomatic Telecommunications Service Program Office (DTS-PO) to use full and open competition in the procurement of telecommunications services, and otherwise implement such policy.

(Sec. 1219) Repeals specified reporting requirements.

(Sec. 1221) Makes 30 percent of the fees collected in FY 1998 and 1999 for expedited passport processing available only for enhancing passport services, investigating passport fraud, and deterring entry into the United States by terrorists and other criminals.

(Sec. 1222) Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 to make fees collected from processing machine readable visas available for certain costs of the Department's border security program. Repeals the prohibition against the charging of fees to citizens of countries that are signatories to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

(Sec. 1223) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize any U.S. citizen employee of the Department of State designated to adjudicate nationality abroad to issue reports of birth of U.S. citizens abroad, authenticate certain foreign documents, and administer oaths. Requires such employees to receive certain training before they can administer such activities.

(Sec. 1226) Authorizes the Secretary to deny the issuance of a visa to any alien who has confiscated property owned by U.S. persons.

(Sec. 1227) Amends the Immigration and Naturalization Act to exclude from admission into the United States any alien who has supported the abduction of children, with specified exceptions.

(Sec. 1228) Prohibits a consular officer from issuing a visa to, and the Attorney General shall exclude from the United States, any Haitian alien involved in specified extrajudicial and political killings. Requires the President to report periodically to the Congress on the cost of U.S. military activities in Haiti.

(Sec. 1231) Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 and 1999 for migration and refugee assistance. Earmarks amounts for: (1) humanitarian assistance to Tibetan refugees in India and Nepal; (2) refugee resettling in Israel; and (3) humanitarian assistance to persons displaced as a result of the civil conflict in Burma.

(Sec. 1241) Bars the use of funds for the involuntary return by the United States of a person to a country in which the person has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, except on grounds recognized as precluding protection as a refugee under the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees of July 28, 1951, and the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees of January 31, 1967.

Bars the use of migration and refugee assistance funds for the involuntary return of a person to any country unless the Secretary first notifies the appropriate congressional committees.

(Sec. 1242) Prohibits the United States from expelling, extraditing, or otherwise effecting the involuntary return of a person to a country in which there are reasonable grounds for believing the person would be in danger of subjection to torture.

(Sec. 1243) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to waive certain congressional notification requirements with respect to the reprogramming of Department funds if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human health or welfare. Requires such notification to specified congressional committees, with an explanation of the emergency circumstances, not later than three days after taking the action to which notification is required.

(Sec. 1244) Amends the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997 to extend and revise eligibility for the (Vietnamese) Orderly Departure Program.

(Sec. 1245) Directs the Secretary to include in the monthly report to the Congress entitled "Update on Monitoring of Cuban Migrant Returnees" information on: (1) the methods employed by the Cuban Government to enforce the United States-Cuba Immigration Agreement of September 1994 to restrict the emigration of Cuban people to the United States; and (2) the Cuban Government's treatment of persons who have returned to Cuba pursuant to the United States-Cuba Agreement of May 1995.

Title XIII: Organization of the Department of State; Department of State Personnel; The Foreign Service - Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to establish a Coordinator for Counterterrorism within the office of the Secretary.

(Sec. 1302) Amends the Foreign relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 to repeal the establishment of a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Burdensharing.

(Sec. 1305) Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to increase the number of Under and Assistant Secretaries of State within the Department of State. Eliminates the establishment of Deputy Assistant Secretaries within the Department.

(Sec. 1311) Amends the Foreign Service of 1980 to authorize the Secretary of State to provide for recognition of the meritorious or distinguished service of any member of the Senior Foreign Service by means other than an award of performance pay in lieu of making such an award.

Directs the Secretary to develop and implement procedures to identify, and recommend for separation, any member of the Foreign Service ranked by promotion boards in the bottom five percent of his or her class for two or more of the five years preceding the enactment of this Act if the rating official for such member was not the same individual for any two of the years of lowest ranking.

Requires a special internal review of the member's file to determine whether the member should be considered for action leading to separation in any case where the member was evaluated by the same rating official in any two of the years of lowest ranking.

(Sec. 1312) Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to provide for certain retirement benefits under the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System and the Foreign Service Pension System for employees who are involuntarily separated from the Foreign Service.

(Sec. 1313) Authorizes the Secretary to separate from the Foreign Service without a hearing a member of the Service convicted of a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment of more than one year may be imposed. (Currently, a Foreign Service member can be separated without a hearing only if convicted of a crime related to the cause of separation).

(Sec. 1316) Makes qualified criminal investigators within the Diplomatic Security Service eligible for availability pay.

(Sec. 1318) Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on minorities and the Foreign Service officer corps.

Title XIV: United States Informational, Educational, and Cultural Programs - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 and 1999 to carry out specified international information activities and educational and cultural exchange programs.

(Sec. 1413) Revises the Muskie Fellowship Program for graduate students from the independent states of the former Soviet Union, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia to require selection of participants on the basis of academic and leadership potential in the additional fields of journalism and communications, education administration, public policy, and library and information science.

(Sec. 1414) Establishes within USIA, in order to improve the coordination and effectiveness of U.S. Government sponsored international exchanges and training, a senior-level interagency Working Group on United States Government Sponsored International Exchanges and Training.

(Sec. 1415) Amends the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 to extend through FY 1999 educational and cultural exchange programs between the United States and the people of Tibet, including scholarships to Tibetan and Burmese students and professionals who are outside their countries (including, if practicable, individuals active in the preservation of Tibet's unique culture, religion, and language).

(Sec. 1416) Amends the Japan-United States Friendship Act to authorize the investment of amounts from the United States-Japan Trust Fund, as redesignated, in interest-bearing obligations of Japan, or in obligations guaranteed by Japan. Renames: (1) the Japan-United States Friendship Commission as the United States-Japan Commission; and (2) the Japan-United States Friendship Trust Fund as the United States-Japan Trust Fund.

(Sec. 1417) Urges the Broadcasting Board of Governors to study and report to the appropriate congressional committees on the appropriateness, feasibility, and projected costs of providing surrogate broadcasting service to Africa.

(Sec. 1418) Earmarks certain funds for FY 1998 and 1999 for grants to RFE-RL, Incorporated, only for surrogate radio broadcasting by RFE-RL, Incorporated, to the Iranian people in the Farsi language (Radio Free Iran).

(Sec. 1419) Authorizes the Director of USIA to administer summer travel-work programs without regard to preplacement requirements.

(Sec. 1420) Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to make permanent certain administrative authorities regarding appropriations for the USIA.

(Sec. 1421) Directs the Voice of America (VOA) to devote each day programming to broadcasting information on the individual States.

Title XV: International Organizations Other Than United Nations - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 and 1999 to the Department of State for international conferences and contingencies.

(Sec. 1502) Prohibits the United States from becoming a party to any new international criminal tribunal (or from giving legal effect to the jurisdiction of such a tribunal with respect to persons or property located, or acts or omissions committed, within the United States, or U.S. nationals, wherever found), except pursuant to a treaty or statute enactment by the Congress.

(Sec. 1503) Terminates the U.S. participation in the Bureau of the Interparliamentary Union unless the Secretary certifies to the Congress that the United States will be assessed not more than $500,000 for its annual contribution to the Bureau.

(Sec. 1504) Amends the Federal civil service code with respect to reemployment of a non-congressional Federal employee after he or she terminates service with an international organization to repeal the employee's entitlement to the difference between the individual's actual pay by the international organization and the pay the individual would have received had he or she been detailed to the organization but paid by the Federal Government. Entitles such an individual, upon Federal reemployment, only to the rate of basic pay to which the employee would have been entitled had he or she remained in the civil service. Requires the agency involved to: (1) restore the employee's sick leave account to its status at the time of transfer; and (2) treat the period of separation caused by employment with the international organization and the period necessary to effect reemployment as creditable service for all appropriate civil service employment purposes.

(Sec. 1505) Requires submission of a preliminary report regarding foreign travel to the Director of the Office of International Conferences of the Department of State as a prerequisite to the use of any funds under this Act to pay: (1) foreign travel expenses of an employee of the U.S. Executive agencies (with certain exceptions) in attending any international conferences; or (2) the routine services that a U.S. diplomatic mission provides in support of travel by such employee. Denies such funds to anyone who does not file such a report or who has previously failed to submit a final report on previous travel.

Title XVI: United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 to carry out the purposes of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act.

(Sec. 1602) Amends such Act to declare that nothing in such Act shall be construed to authorize any Government action which would interfere with, restrict, or prohibit the acquisition, possession, or lawful use of firearms by an individual.

Title XVII: European Security Act of 1998 - European Security Act of 1998 - Designates Romania, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Bulgaria, provided they meet certain criteria, as eligible to receive assistance under the NATO Participation Act of 1994.

(Sec. 1703) Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) such countries are to be commended for their progress toward political and economic reform and meeting the guidelines for prospective NATO members; and (2) upon their complete satisfaction of all relevant criteria, such countries should be invited to become full NATO members at the earliest possible date.

Makes funds under the NATO Participation Act of 1994 available to support the implementation of the Regional Airspace Initiative and the Partnership for Peace Information Management System.

Extends through FY 1999 the Department of Defense's authority to transfer excess defense articles to countries eligible to participate in the Partnership for Peace and eligible for assistance under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.

(Sec. 1704) Expresses the sense of the Congress that no revisions to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe will be approved by the United States that jeopardize fundamental U.S. security interests in Europe or the effectiveness and flexibility of NATO as a defensive alliance by: (1) extending rights or imposing responsibilities on new NATO members different from those applicable to current NATO members, including rights with respect to nuclear weapons deployment and the stationing of NATO troops and equipment; (2) limiting NATO's ability to defend the territory of new NATO members by restricting defense infrastructure construction or limiting NATO's ability to deploy necessary reinforcements; (3) providing any international organization or any non-NATO country with authority to delay, veto, or otherwise impede deliberations and decisions of the North Atlantic Council or their implementation, including deliberations and decisions with respect to NATO force deployment or the admission of additional members to NATO; or (4) impeding the development of enhanced relations between NATO and other non-NATO European countries.

(Sec. 1705) Declares that an ABM-TMD (anti-ballistic missile-theater missile defense) demarcation agreement shall not be binding on the United States unless it is specifically approved with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Declares the sense of Congress that no ABM-TMD demarcation agreement will be considered for advice and consent to ratification unless it would: (1) add one or more countries as State Parties to the ABM Treaty, or otherwise convert the ABM Treaty from a bilateral treaty to a multilateral treaty; or (2) change the geographic scope or coverage of the ABM Treaty, or otherwise modify the meaning of the term "national territory" as used in Articles VI and IX of the ABM Treaty.

Declares the sense of Congress that no ABM-TMD demarcation agreement that would reduce the capabilities of U.S. theater missile defense systems, or the numbers or deployment patterns of such systems, will be approved for entry into force with respect to the United States.

Directs the President to report to specified congressional committees on cooperative ballistic missile defense projects, including early warning systems, with Russia.

Title XVIII: Other Foreign Policy Provisions - Directs the Secretary to report to the appropriate congressional committees on specific actions taken by the Department of State, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Commerce in resolving certain commercial disputes between U.S. firms and the Saudi Government.

(Sec. 1802) Directs the Secretary to report every three months to the appropriate congressional committees on implementation (including an unclassified list of entities and classified list of individuals) of the mandate to exclude from the United States any aliens who have confiscated property of U.S. nationals in Cuba, or who traffic in such property.

(Sec. 1803) Directs the Secretary to report annually to the appropriate congressional committees on the compliance of its signatories with the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.

(Sec. 1804) Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should use its influence to suggest that the Government of Turkey: (1) recognize the Ecumenical Patriarchate (in Turkey) and its nonpolitical, religious mission; and (2) reopen the Ecumenical Patriarchate's Halki Patriarchal School of Theology.

(Sec. 1805) Directs the Secretary to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the extent to which: (1) Vietnam cooperates with the United States in an accounting of all POW-MIA cases; (2) it has made progress toward the release of all political and religious prisoners; (3) it cooperates with U.S. requests to obtain access to persons of humanitarian interest to the United States for interviews under the Orderly Departure (ODP) and Resettlement Opportunities for Vietnamese Refugees (ROVR) programs, and provide exit visas for such persons; (4) it has taken action to end extortion, bribery, and other corrupt practices in connection with such visas; and (5) the United States has made efforts to resettle former reeducation camp victims and their families.

(Sec. 1806) Directs the Secretary to report to the appropriate congressional committees on the allegations of persecution and abuse of the Hmong and Laotian refugees who have returned to Laos.

(Sec. 1807) Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should discuss with the democratically-elected governments of the Western Hemisphere the prospect of forming a multilateral alliance to address problems relating to international drug trafficking in the Western Hemisphere.

(Sec. 1808) Declares that the Congress favors public support by Department of State officials for the accession of Taiwan to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

(Sec. 1809) Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to withhold the U.S. share of assistance for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) projects in Cuba, except those for the discontinuation, dismantling, or safety inspection of nuclear facilities or related materials. Declares that such exception shall not apply to the Juragua Nuclear Power Plant near Cienfuegos, or the Pedro Pi Nuclear Research Center, unless Cuba: (1) ratifies the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (commonly known as the Treaty of Tlatelolco); and (2) incorporates internationally accepted nuclear safety standards.

Directs the Secretary to instruct the U.S. representative to the IAEA to use the U.S. vote to oppose IAEA projects at: (1) the Juragua Nuclear Power Plant, Cuba; and (2) any other IAEA project in Cuba that is, or could become, a threat to the security of the United States.

(Sec. 1810) Directs the President to withhold assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to a country in an amount equal to the value of nuclear fuel and related assistance and credits provided by it to Cuba.

(Sec. 1811) Amends the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986 to revise its purposes to require that U.S. contributions to the International Fund for Ireland be disbursed in accordance with the MacBride principles of economic justice, as specified.

Authorizes the United States to make contributions to the Fund only if the President certifies to the Congress that, among other things, disbursements from the Fund will be distributed in accordance with the principles of economic justice and will create employment opportunities in communities of Northern Ireland suffering the highest rates of unemployment.

(Sec. 1812) Earmarks specified funds for construction of a U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem, Israel. Bars use of funds for the publication of any official government document which lists countries and their capitals unless it identifies Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

(Sec. 1813) Authorizes appropriations, upon notification to the Congress, for FY 1998 to: (1) establish an international record for the criminal culpability of Saddam Hussein and other Iraqi officials and an international criminal tribunal for their indictment, prosecution, and punishment for crimes against humanity, genocide, and other violations of international law; (2) provide support for democratic opposition forces in Iraq (earmarking amounts to the democratic opposition and RFE-RL, Incorporated, for surrogate radio broadcasting to the Iraqi people); and (3) the relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction of people living in Iraq, and communities there, who are not under the control of the Saddam Hussein regime.

(Sec. 1814) Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the United States, the international community, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector should continue to promote the building of democratic institutions and civic society in the Republic of Serbia; and (2) the normalization of relations between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and the United States requires, among other things, that President Milosevic and the leadership of Serbia promote the building of democratic institutions, respect for human rights, and free, fair, and equal conditions for the democratic opposition there.

(Sec. 1815) Earmarks a specified amount of economic support funds for FY 1998 and 1999 to carry out programs and activities under the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 and the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992.

(Sec. 1816) Prohibits the availability of appropriated population assistance funds for any private, nongovernmental, or multilateral organization that: (1) directly or through a subcontractor performs abortions in any foreign country, except where the life of the mother would be endangered or in cases of forcible rape or incest; or (2) violates the laws of a foreign country with respect to when abortion is permitted, regulated, or prohibited, or engages in lobbying activities to alter its laws with respect to abortion.

Prohibits the availability of appropriated funds to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), unless the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that: (1) UNFPA has terminated all activities in China; or (2) during the 12 months preceding such certification, there have been no forced abortions associated with family planning policies in China.

Division C: United Nations Reform - Title XX (sic): General Provisions - United Nations Reform Act of 1998 - Prohibits the Secretary from delegating the authority in this division to make any certification.

Title XXI: Authorization of Appropriations - Authorizes appropriations to the Department of State for FY 1998 and 1999 for the U.S. contributions to the UN for international organizations. Declares that a specified amount of such funds may be made available only after the Secretary certifies that the UN has taken no action to increase its budget without an offsetting decrease. Withholds 20 percent of such funds until a certification is made that the UN has satisfied certain conditions.

(Sec. 2101) Prohibits the availability of such funds for: (1) any U.S. contribution to pay for any expenses related to the holding of a UN Global Conference; and (2) the U.S. proportionate share for any other framework treaty-based organization, including the Framework Convention on Global Climate Change, the International Seabed Authority, and the 1998 Desertification Convention. Sets forth other specified limitations.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 and 1999 to offset adverse fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.

(Sec. 2102) Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 and 1999 to the Department to carry out U.S. foreign affairs with respect to international peacekeeping activities.

Directs the President to report to the Congress on the status of UN peacekeeping operations.

Title XXII: United Nations Activities - Declares it to be U.S. policy to: (1) promote an end to the inequity experienced by Israel in the UN due to denial of its acceptance into any of the UN's regional blocs; and (2) seek abolition of certain UN Palestinian groups.

(Sec. 2203) Amends the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 to direct the President to obtain reimbursement from the UN for expenses incurred by it in UN peacekeeping operations, with specified exceptions.

(Sec. 2204) Declares that it shall be U.S. policy to: (1) ensure that major peacekeeping operations authorized by the UN Security Council are undertaken by a competent regional organization such as NATO or a multinational force, and not established as a peacekeeping operation under UN operational control which would be paid for by assessment of UN members; (2) consider, on a case-by-case basis, whether it is in the U.S. national interest to agree that smaller peacekeeping operations should be established under UN operational control and paid for by UN member assessment; and (3) oppose the establishment of UN peace operations approved by the General Assembly and funded out of the regular UN budget.

(Sec. 2205) Authorizes the President to withhold funds for the U.S. assessed contribution to the UN or to any of its specialized agencies in the same percentage and subject to specified requirements as are applicable to the withholding of funds under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995.

(Sec. 2206) Amends the International Organizations Immunities Act to extend its privileges, exemptions, and immunities to the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).

(Sec. 2207) Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should urge the UN to comply with regulations regarding compliance with child and spousal support obligations by UN personnel.

Title XXIII: Arrears Payments and Reform - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1998 through 2000 only for the payment of arrearages in assessed contributions to the UN for: (1) the U.S. share of assessments for the regular UN budget (excluding the budgets of UN specialized agencies); (2) the U.S. share of UN peace operations; (3) the U.S. share of UN specialized agencies; and (4) the U.S. share of other international organizations. Authorizes the disbursement of such funds only upon submission to the Congress of certain certifications concerning U.S. sovereignty and the reform of UN fiscal, budget, and personnel practices, assessments, and peacekeeping operations.

(Sec. 2342) Prohibits the use of funds to pay any arrearage for: (1) UNIDO, including any costs to merge it into the UN; (2) the costs associated with any UN organization from which the United States has withdrawn; or (3) the World Tourism Organization, or any other organization with respect to the Congress has rescinded funding.