S.1513 - Improving America's Schools Act of 1994103rd Congress (1993-1994)
Summary: S.1513 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)
Indefinitely postponed in Senate (08/02/1994)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: Amendments to the Elementary and Secondary
Education Act of 1965
Title II: Amendments to the General Education Provisions Act
Title III: Amendments to Other Acts
Title IV: Miscellaneous
Title V: Workers Technology Skill Development
Title VI: Multiethnic Placement
Title VII: Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator
Title VIII: 1994 Institutions
Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 - Title I: Amendments to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 - Amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) to revise and reauthorize ESEA.
(Sec. 101) Establishes a title I program for Helping Children in Need Meet High Standards, which revises and reauthorizes some of the current title I chapter 1 programs of Financial Assistance to Meet the Special Educational Needs of Children.
Declares it to be U.S. policy to expand the title I program over FY 1995 through 1999 by increasing funding by a specified minimum amount each fiscal year and increasing the number of eligible children served with the intent of serving them all by FY 2004.
Authorizes appropriations for: (1) grants under the basic program; (2) Even Start; (3) education of migratory children; (4) education for neglected or delinquent youth; (5) capital expenses; and (6) Federal activities.
Requires any State desiring to receive a grant (under the basic program for making high-poverty schools work) to submit State plans that are integrated with that State's plan under the Goals 2000: Educate America Act or with other State plans under this Act. Requires each State plan to describe high-quality standards for all children that will be used by the State, its local educational agencies (LEAs), and its schools to carry out this Act, including high-quality academic content standards and student performance standards, as well as assessment provisions and other teaching and learning support provisions. Directs the Secretary of Education to establish a process for peer review and Secretarial approval.
Requires LEAs receiving subgrants to have plans with assessments and other provisions. Provides for State approval and shared program responsibility of schools and the LEA in deciding on schoolwide programs and targeted assistance schools.
Allows an LEA to only use basic program funds in eligible school attendance areas in which the percentage of children from low-income families is at least as high as that: (1) from low-income families served by the LEA as a whole; or (2) served by the LEA as a whole who are eligible to participate in a schoolwide program. Sets forth formulas for ranking eligible school attendance areas for purposes of such funding in various cases where there are insufficient funds.
Sets forth criteria which a school must meet in order for the LEA to use basic program funds to upgrade the entire educational program at an eligible school (schoolwide programs).
Provides that in participating schools that are ineligible for a schoolwide program or that choose not to operate a schoolwide program, an LEA may use basic program funds only for targeted assistance programs that provide services to eligible economically disadvantaged children identified as having the greatest need for special assistance (targeted assistance schools). Sets forth criteria for eligible children at such schools.
Sets forth requirements for parental involvement and for participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Provides for assessment and LEA and school improvement, including local review, school improvement identification, and State review and LEA improvement.
Requires each State educational agency (SEA) to establish a statewide system of support and improvement for schools receiving title I funds. Includes under such system school support teams, designation of Distinguished Schools, State establishment of a corps of Distinguished Educators, State allocations for school improvement and alternative or additional approaches.
Revises formulas for allocations of funds.
Transitions to Success Act of 1994 - Directs the Secretary to reserve a portion of basic grant funds for Transition to Success Challenge Grants allocations to States. Requires States to submit transition coordinated services proposals. Requires SEAs to make such challenge grants to LEAs that have formed consortia with early childhood development programs (including Head Start) for programs that assist low-income elementary school children in kindergarten through third grade and their families in obtaining supportive services and supporting active involvement of parents in their children's education. Provides for consultation and coordination with the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
Revises Even Start Family Literacy Programs to increase program services and high-poverty-area targeting and include teenage parents.
Revises Education of Migratory Children to restrict eligibility to children who have moved within the previous four years.
Revises Education of Neglected and Delinquent Youth to base part of the formula for subgrants to State agencies on the number of neglected or delinquent children who are enrolled for at least: (1) 15 hours per week in education programs in adult correctional institutions; or (2) 20 hours per week in education programs in institutions for such children or in community day programs for such children.
Sets forth provisions for Federal evaluations and demonstrations and general provisions, including reservation of funds for territories.
Establishes an Educational Opportunity Demonstration Program, under which the Secretary may grant waivers to ten LEAs for the design and operation of one or more educational opportunity schools. Requires that any such public elementary, middle, or high school or consortium receiving such waiver: (1) establish a plan for voluntary, same gender classes at one or more schools in the community; (2) provide same gender classes for both boys and girls, as well as a coeducational option for parents; (3) use a lottery for admission if more students apply than can be accommodated; (4) have a program for volunteer community members in same gender classes; and (5) pursue a specific set of educational objectives determined by the LEA in conjunction with an educational opportunity advisory board. Requires a study and report on such program, comparing educational and behavioral achievement of those choosing same gender classes and those choosing the coeducational option.
Eliminates title I provisions for the National Commission on Migrant Education, rural technical assistance centers, current chapter 2 State block grants under the partnership for educational improvement, national diffusion network, and law-related education. Eliminates under title I, but provides elsewhere for, evaluation and technical assistance and blue ribbon schools. Provides, later in this Act, for programs for handicapped children to be combined with programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Establishes a new ESEA title II, Improving Teaching and Learning, with a new part A, Dwight D. Eisenhower Professional Development Program, to support professional development of elementary and secondary school teachers in core academic subjects. (This replaces the current Dwight D. Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Education Act programs.) Gives priority for professional development in mathematics and science. Authorizes appropriations.
Provides for Federal program activities in general, as well as for a mathematics and science education clearinghouse and a national teacher training project.
Authorizes the Secretary to award a grant or contract to establish an Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education.
National Teacher Training Project Act of 1994 - Authorizes the Secretary to award up to ten grants to ten different eligible recipients for half of the costs of supporting: (1) teacher training programs in early childhood development and one of nine specified core academic subjects; and (2) classroom research on effective teaching practices.
Provides for State and local activities, with priority for professional development in mathematics and science.
Directs the Secretary to award demonstration grants to eligible partnerships for planning and implementing professional development programs.
National Writing Project Act - Establishes a new ESEA title II part B, the National Writing Project (provisions for such project under title II of the Educational Council Act of 1991 are repealed later in this Act). Provides for coordination of such project activities with other teacher training and professional development activities. Authorizes appropriations for the National Writing Project.
Establishes a new title II part C, Support and Assistance for ESEA Programs. (This replaces the current Foreign Languages Assistance Act programs.) Establishes: (1) comprehensive regional centers and technology-based technical assistance; (2) a State-based outreach, consultation, and dissemination program through the National Diffusion Network and its State Facilitators; and (3) a program of grants and contracts for Eisenhower regional mathematics and science education consortia. Authorizes appropriations.
Transfers from title IV part E to title II part D the Territorial Teacher Training Program, and extends the authorization of appropriations for such program.
Establishes a new title II part E, Telecommunications Demonstration Project for Mathematics. Authorizes appropriations for grants for such project.
Technology for Education Act of 1994 - Establishes a new ESEA title III, Technology for Education for All Students. (The current title III, Magnet Schools Assistance, is transferred to a new title IV.) Authorizes appropriations for programs under the following parts of title III.
Sets forth title III part A provisions for Educational Technology for All Students. Includes under National Programs in Technology for Education: (1) Federal leadership activities by the Secretary and through the Office of Educational Technology, including a national long-range technology plan and assistance for State planning for use of technology in schools in accordance with the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, technical assistance, research and development, assessment, and collaboration; (2) regional technical support and professional development grants; (3) educational technology product development grants; (4) grants for research on educational applications of advanced technologies; (5) grants for identifying requirements, developing specifications, and operating prototypes for high performance educational computing and telecommunications networks; and (6) study, evaluation, and report on funding alternatives for schools. Provides for school technology resource grants under State and Local Programs for School Technology Resources, Technical Support, and Professional Development.
Star Schools Act - Revises the Star Schools Program (currently under the Star Schools Program Assistance Act) and makes it part B of title III of ESEA. Extends the authorization of appropriations. Provides for leadership and evaluation activities and for other assistance to a special statewide and a special local network.
Revises, and transfers to part C of title III (currently IV-G), the Ready-to-Learn Television program. Extends the authorization of appropriations.
Elementary Mathematics and Science Equipment Act - Establishes the Elementary Mathematics and Science Equipment Program as part D of title III of ESEA. Authorizes the Secretary to allot funds to State educational agencies to award grants to local educational agencies to provide hands-on instruction equipment and materials to elementary schools to improve mathematics and science education. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes the Elementary and Secondary School Library Media Resources Program as part E of title III of ESEA. Directs the Secretary to award grants or make allocations for acquisition of school library media resources for elementary and secondary schools. Reserves a portion of part A funds for such awards to States. Requires State plans and distribution of allocation to LEAs.
Buddy System Computer Education Act - Establishes the Buddy System Computer Education program as part F of title III of ESEA. Directs the Secretary to award a competitive grant to each of three States to create a computer-based education project for children in grades four through six. Gives preference to applications: (1) from States with demonstrated ability or commitment to computer-based technology education; and (2) describing projects serving school districts serving a large number or percentage of economically disadvantaged students. Requires such projects to: (1) be provided in a continuous three-year form to consecutive groups of students at the applicable grade levels; (2) be conducted in not more than seven public schools within the State; and (3) ensure each student in such classes participates and has access to a computer at school during the school year and at home during the school year and summer. Requires the use of grant funds to provide: (1) hardware and software components to all sites; and (2) training for classroom teachers as well as parents, administrators, and technical personnel. Requires an evaluation report. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes as ESEA title IV a revised Magnet Schools Assistance program (currently title III). Allows consortia of LEAs to receive grants. Allows use of funds to make available the special magnet curriculum to students in the same school who are not enrolled in the magnet program.
Removes the prohibition on use of funds for consultants. Revises limitations on planning funds and award duration. Adds a non-Federal share requirement. Reserves a portion of program funds for grants for innovative programs. Provides for availability of funds for LEAs not previously assisted and for evaluations. Extends the authorization of appropriations.
Establishes as ESEA title V a Better Schools for America program, with a part A for safe and drug-free schools and communities and a part B for assistance to address school dropout problems.
Sets forth as part A of title V a Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities program, which replaces and revises the current title V Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act program. Authorizes appropriations for such new program, which includes: (1) State Grants for Drug and Violence Prevention Programs at State and local levels, including advisory councils and reservation of funds for territorial, Indian, native Hawaiian, and evaluation programs; and (2) national programs, including higher education institution grants.
School Dropout Assistance Act - Sets forth, as part B of title V, Assistance to Address School Dropout Problems. Provides for grants to LEAs and community organizations, with special consideration for LEAs forming educational partnerships with various other entities. Allows grants to be used for various educational, occupational, and basic skills testing services and activities. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes an ESEA title VII, Language Enhancement and Acquisition Programs, with part A bilingual education programs and part B foreign language assistance.
Establishes a new ESEA title VI, Indian Education, which adds revised Indian Education Act programs to ESEA. (Eliminates the current title VI provisions for Projects and Programs Designed to Address School Dropout Problems and to Strengthen Basic Education.) Authorizes appropriations for the following title VI programs: (1) formula grants to LEAs; (2) special programs and projects to improve educational opportunities for Indian children, including grants for certain services and projects, Indian teacher and other helping professional development support and graduate training assistance, fellowships for Indian students, gifted and talented centers, evaluation and technical assistance, and administrative planning and development; (3) special programs relating to adult education for Indians; (4) national research activities; and (5) Federal administration, including establishment of a National Advisory Council on Indian Education.
Revises the Bilingual Education Act (currently all of ESEA title VII) to establish it as part A of title VII and to extend its authorization of appropriations. Provides programs for Native Hawaiian and Native American Pacific Islander, as well as Native American and Alaska Native, children and youth. Authorizes development and enhancement grants, comprehensive school grants, and comprehensive district grants. Authorizes grants and contracts for research and evaluation and for academic excellence in bilingual education programs. Authorizes grants to State educational agencies to assist LEAs, operate bilingual education advisory panels, and collect data. Establishes a National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. Revises program evaluation requirements. Authorizes professional development grants to higher education institutions and to SEAs and LEAs. Revises provisions for fellowships.
Foreign Language Assistance Act of 1994 - Revises the Foreign Language Assistance Program (currently under ESEA title II part B) to establish it as title VII part B and extend its authorization of appropriations. Provides for competitive, three-year grants to SEAs and LEAs for innovative model programs of foreign language study for elementary and secondary school students. Requires annual incentive payments to each public elementary school that provides students with a program designed to lead to communicative competency in a foreign language.
Requires a report on bilingual education.
Limits the funding period for recipients of bilingual education grants awarded before the enactment of this Act.
Establishes a new ESEA title VIII, Programs of National Significance, with the following various parts consisting of transferred or new ESEA programs.
Authorizes appropriations for part A, an expanded Arts in Education program. Requires, if funding does not reach a certain level, that all funds be used for model projects and programs: (1) in the performing arts for children and youth through the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; or (2) developed by Very Special Arts to assure participation of persons of all ages with disabilities in mainstream arts and education programs.
Authorizes appropriations for part B, a continued Inexpensive Book Distribution program contract with Reading Is Fundamental.
Establishes under part C a Public Charter Schools program to increase public school choice through grants for innovative programs and exemptions from regulations that limit school operational and management flexibility. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes under part D Civic Education programs for instruction in: (1) the history and principles of U.S. democracy, through continued grant or contract support of the "We the People...the Citizen and the Constitution" program of the Center for Civic Education; and (2) civics, government, and the law, in accordance with State standards and national goals, through grants and contracts to SEAs, LEAs, and other public and private nonprofit entities. Authorizes appropriations.
Authorizes appropriations, under part E, for a revised Allen J. Ellender Fellowship Program, with Close Up Foundation activities for middle and secondary school students and teachers, recent immigrants, older Americans, and (added) students of migrant parents.
Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1994 - Revises, under part F, the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education program. Authorizes appropriations.
Women's Educational Equity Act of 1994 - Revises, under part G, the Women's Educational Equity program. Authorizes grants and contracts for: (1) implementation of gender-equity policies and practices at all educational levels; and (2) research and development. Authorizes appropriations.
Revises, under part H, uses of funds from the Secretary's Fund for the Improvement of Education. Authorizes appropriations.
Transfers to part I of title VIII provisions for the Blue Ribbon Schools program (currently under title I). Authorizes appropriations.
Authorizes, under part J, grants for national student and parent mock elections to promote voter participation in elections. Authorizes appropriations.
Elementary School Counseling Demonstration Act - Establishes an elementary school counseling demonstration grant program under part K of title VIII of ESEA. Authorizes appropriations. Directs the Secretary to make such grants to LEAs. Requires LEAs to notify their State education agencies before applying for such grants. Sets certain priorities for grant awards.
21st Century Community Learning Centers Act - Directs the Secretary of Education to make grants to rural and inner city public schools or consortia for projects that benefit the educational, health, social service, cultural, and recreational needs of rural or inner city communities.
Establishes, under part M, a Model Projects program. Authorizes grants to cultural institutions for model projects of outreach activities for at-risk children in communities served by such institutions, including integrating of cultural programming with other disciplines, including environmental, mathematics, and science programs. Gives priority to activities with substantial State, local, or private funding and commitment. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes, under part N, an Extending Time for Learning program. Authorizes grants to LEAs for various activities, including research, development, and implementation of strategies, outreach, professional development, and community involvement, for extending learning time within and beyond the school day and year. Authorizes appropriations.
Longer School Year Incentive Act of 1994 - Establishes, under part O, a Longer School Year program. Authorizes the Secretary to award grants to States or LEAs for public school improvement that includes expansion of time devoted to core academic subjects and extension of the school year to at least 210 days. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes, under part P, a Creating Smaller Learning Communities program. Authorizes grants to LEAs for various activities to create smaller learning communities. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes, under part Q, a Partnerships in Character Education Pilot Project. Authorizes the Secretary to make up to ten grants annually to partnerships of SEAs and LEAs to design and implement character education programs incorporating certain elements. Authorizes appropriations. Allows contracts for evaluation, materials, and program development.
Alaska Native Educational Equity, Support and Assistance Act - Establishes, under part R, an Alaska Native Education program. Directs the Secretary to make grants to Alaska Native Education program. Directs the Secretary to make grants to Alaska native organizations or partnerships thereof or educational entities with experience in Alaska Native programs for: (1) educational planning; (2) implementation of educational plans; (3) curricula development; (4) preteacher training; (5) teacher recruitment; (6) inservice teacher training; (7) home instruction programs for preschool youngsters; and (8) student enrichment programs in science and mathematics. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes, under part S, a Promoting Scholar-Athlete Competitions program. Authorizes the Secretary to award a grant to a nonprofit organization to carryout model scholar-athlete games. Authorizes appropriations.
Community School Partnership Act - Establishes, under part T, a Community School Partnerships program. Directs the Secretary to award a competitive endowment grant to a national organization to support the establishment or ongoing work of area program centers that foster development of local affiliated chapters in high-poverty areas to improve high school graduation rates and postsecondary attendance through providing academic support services and scholarship assistance for postsecondary education. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes a new title IX of ESEA, Special Programs, with a part A, Impact Aid. (The current impact aid laws are repealed later in this Act.) Revises the impact aid to LEAs.
Sets forth as part B a revised Emergency Immigrant Education Program. Authorizes appropriations.
Native Hawaiian Education Act - Establishes, under part C of title IX, a Native Hawaiian Education program (currently existing under the Augustus F. Hawkins-Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary School Improvement Amendments of 1988). Authorizes the Secretary to make grants for Native Hawaiian: (1) curriculum development and teacher training and recruitment; (2) community-based education and learning centers; (3) family-based education centers; (4) higher education; (5) gifted and talented education; and (6) special education. Authorizes the Secretary to establish and make a grant to a Native Hawaiian Education Council. Authorizes the Office of Hawaiian Affairs of the State of Hawaii to facilitate establishment of Native Hawaiian education island councils for specified islands. Authorizes appropriations.
Extends the authorization of appropriations, transferred to part D, for general assistance to improve public education in the Virgin Islands.
Revises ESEA General Provisions, under title X. Provides for: (1) flexibility in the use of administrative and other funds, through consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary and secondary education programs and consolidation of funds for local administration; (2) coordination of programs, including consolidated State and local applications; (3) waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements; (4) certain uniform provisions; (5) other provisions, including State award recognition of exemplary performance, inapplicability of ESEA to home schools, prohibitions against Federal mandates or requiring participation in Goals 2000: Education America Act programs or standards, opportunity to contract with private management firms, requirements for remedying violations of student rights with respect to school prayer and for having policies referring students who bring firearms or weapons to school to the criminal justice or juvenile delinquency system; and (6) evaluation provisions.
Cultural Partnerships for At-Risk Children and Youth Act of 1994 - Establishes a new ESEA title XI, Cultural Partnerships for At-Risk Children and Youth demonstration grant program. Establishes the National Committee on Cultural Partnerships for At-Risk Children and Youth. Directs the Secretary to make a grant to such Committee to award subgrants to eligible partnerships to provide comprehensive and coordinated education and cultural services to at-risk children and youth. Authorizes appropriations.
Sets forth a new ESEA title XII, Disclosure Requirements, including provisions for nondiscriminatory enrollment and service policy.
Sets forth an ESEA title XIII, Targeted Assistance Program, which is revised and transferred from current title I chapter 2 provisions. Authorizes appropriations.
National Education Statistics Act of 1994 - Sets forth a new ESEA title XIV, National Education Statistics. Reauthorizes and revises provisions for the National Center for Education Statistics (the Center) and the National Assessment of Educational Progress. (Establishes the Center, within the Office of Educational Research and Improvement in the Department of Education and headed by the Commissioner of Education Statistics, under ESEA while repealing similar provisions under the General Education Provisions Act.)
Revises provisions for the Center's: (1) duties; (2) performance; (3) reports; (4) Advisory Council on Education Statistics; (5) confidentiality; (6) dissemination; (7) cooperative education statistics systems; (8) National Assessment of Educational Progress; and (9) National Assessment Governing Board. Authorizes appropriations.
Education Infrastructure Act of 1994 - Sets forth a new ESEA title XV, Education Infrastructure. Directs the Secretary to award grants to eligible LEAs to meet the National Education Goals through repair, renovation, alteration, and construction of public elementary or secondary school libraries, media centers, or facilities, used for academic or vocational instruction, including certain authorized activities.
Sets forth requirements for: (1) maintenance of effort, supplementation of non-Federal funds, and general limitations; (2) payment of wages in accordance with the Davis-Bacon Act; and (3) Federal evaluation. Authorizes appropriations.
Establishes a new ESEA title XVI, Urban and Rural Education.
Urban Schools of America (USA) Act of 1994 - Sets forth funds allocation factors for urban school improvement. Requires LEAs to use such funds to meet national education goals through programs designed to: (1) increase the academic achievement and graduation rates of urban school children to at least the national average; (2) prepare urban school graduates to enter higher education, pursue careers, and exercise their responsibilities as citizens; (3) recruit and retain qualified teachers; and (4) decrease the use of drugs and alcohol by urban students, and enhance their physical and emotional health. Provides for incentive awards to exemplary programs and ranking of schools to determine relative need. Authorizes the President to conduct a White House Conference on Urban Education.
Rural Schools of America (RSA) Act of 1994 - Establishes a rural school improvement grants program to help meet national educational goals. Directs the Secretary, under such program, to: (1) reserve specified funds for competitive grant awards to exemplary school programs; and (2) make allotments to SEAs, for suballotment to LEAs and community-based organizations or nonprofit partnerships between the LEA, local colleges or universities, or area-wide collaborative arrangements of private sector businesses. Authorizes incentive awards to individual schools that demonstrate exemplary progress. Authorizes the President to conduct a White House Conference on Rural Education.
Authorizes appropriations for such urban and rural education programs.
Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994 - Establishes a new title XVII of ESEA, Gun-Free Schools. Requires LEAs, as a condition of receiving ESEA assistance from the State, to have in effect a policy requiring expulsion from school for at least one year of any student who has brought a firearm to a school under LEA jurisdiction.
Title II: Amendments to the General Education Provisions Act - Part A: Applicability of the General Education Provisions Act - Amends the General Education Provisions Act (GEPA) to revise applicability and other aspects.
Part B: The Department of Education - Revises GEPA with respect to functions of the Department of Education.
Part C: Appropriations and Evaluations - Revises GEPA with respect to availability of appropriations, contingent extension of programs, and biennial evaluation report.
Part D: Administration of Education Program - Revises GEPA with respect to joint funding of programs, information collection and dissemination, review of application, use of withheld funds, applications, regulations, reduction of record retention requirements, privacy rights, and equity for students, teachers, and other program beneficiaries.
Part E: Advisory Committees - Repeals specified GEPA provisions relating to Advisory Councils.
Part F: Related Amendments to Other Acts - Makes related amendments to the Department of Education Organization Act and the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA).
Part G: Conforming Amendments - Makes conforming amendments to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and to HEA.
Title III: Amendments to Other Acts - Part A: Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - Amends the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to revise provisions for allocations. Combines the current ESEA title I chapter I State agency program for the handicapped with the IDEA programs of grants to States and for infants and toddlers with disabilities.
Support for Families of Children with Disabilities Act of 1994 - Amends the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act to add a new Part I, Family Support, which may be cited as the Families of Children with Disabilities Support Act of 1994.
Directs the Secretary to make three-year grants to States for systems change and advocacy activities for statewide systems of support for families with children with disabilities. Sets forth priorities and application requirements.
Requires States desiring such assistance to designate lead entities and establish State Family Support Policy Councils.
Includes among authorized activities training and technical assistance, interagency coordination, local or regional councils, outreach, advocacy services, policy studies, hearings and forums, public awareness and education, needs assessment, program data, and pilot demonstration projects.
Requires State strategic plans, progress criteria, and reports.
Requires panels of experts to evaluate grant applications.
Directs the Secretary to make grants to or contracts with appropriate public or private agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, for: (1) providing technical assistance and information on statewide systems of family support; and (2) conducting a national evaluation of the program of grants to States.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) review Federal programs with respect to their impact on such family support, consistent with specified policies; and (2) make grants or contracts for projects of national significance for developing national and State policies and practices for family-centered and family-directed systems of support for families of children with disabilities.
Part B: Amendments to the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act - Amends the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act to revise provisions with respect to grants for State literacy initiatives and grants for State and local activities for the education of homeless children and youth. Authorizes appropriations.
Part C: Repeal of Impact Aid Statutes - Repeals certain Federal laws for impact aid. (Impact aid provisions are added to ESEA earlier in this Act.)
Part D: Other Acts - Amends the Goals 2000: Educate America Act (Public Law 103-227) to repeal certain provisions relating to leadership in educational technology and the Office of Educational Technology. Allows the National Education Goals Panel and the National Education Goals Panel and the National Education Standards and Improvement Council to accept gifts. Revises provisions relating to LEA plan approval. Reserves for outlying areas a portion of funds for State planning for improving student achievement through integration of technology into curriculum.
Amends the Safe Schools Act of 1994 (also Public Law 103-227) to lower the maximum authorized reservation of funds for national activities.
Repeals: (1) the National Writing Project of title II of the Educational Council Act of 1991; and (2) the Native Hawaiian Education Program of title IV of the Augustus F. Hawkins-Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary School Improvement Amendments of 1988.
Repeals: (1) the Star Schools Program Assistance Act; and (2) the Fund for the Improvement and Reform of Schools and Teaching Act.
Repeals provisions for authorization of appropriations for programs of national significance under the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988.
Amends the Department of Education Organization Act to provide for the Office of Indian Education.
Repeals the Indian Education Act of 1988.
Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act - Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 to require institutions of higher education to disclose gender participation rates and program support expenditures in college athletic programs to prospective students and, upon request, to the public.
Directs the Secretary to compile and publish annual reports of such data.
Establishes a Rural Community Service program under community service programs provisions of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to eligible institutions for authorized activities under such program. Requires peer review panels for grant applications. Requires designation and listing of eligible institutions as Rural Grant Institutions, with a network for dissemination of project results. Authorizes appropriations.
Reduces certain payments to States under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
Amends the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act with respect to definition of institution of higher education, notwithstanding certain provisions of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992.
Makes a technical amendment to the Second Morrill Act.
Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) to remove a limitation on expenditure under the authorization of appropriations for the National Early Intervention Scholarship and Partnership Program.
Directs the Secretary to exclude a student loan made pursuant to a lender-of-last-resort program when making reimbursement payment calculations under certain HEA provisions for guaranty agreements for reimbursing losses.
Includes specified student loans made under the Public Health Service Act among those eligible for the Federal consolidation loan program under HEA.
Includes related equipment, instrumentation, and furnishings under materials covered by the facilities authority of the Student Loan Marketing Association under HEA. Requires the Association to report on all facilities transactions in its annual report.
Makes certain clock and credit hour requirements for student aid under HEA inapplicable to diploma nursing schools.
Provides for eligibility for HEA student aid for citizens of and attendees at institutions in the Republic of Palau and other specified territories.
Revises HEA provisions for: (1) Federal insurance for bonds; (2) definition of economic hardship; and (3) loan repayment deferment eligibility.
Amends the Higher Education Amendments of 1992 with respect to institutions' authority to award need-based aid.
Amends the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act to revise provisions for the Family Support Centers program with respect to administrative costs, minimum grant amount, and report due date. Extends the authorization of appropriations for such program.
Amends the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 to double the maximum amounts allowed for FY 1995 administration of programs by the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Part E: Library Services and Construction Reauthorization - Amends the Library Services and Construction Act to extend through FY 1995 the authorization and availability of appropriations for various programs under such Act, as well as for Family Learning Centers and Library Literacy Centers.
Part F: Bureau of Indian Affairs - Amends the Goals 2000: Educate America Act to revise provisions for assistance to the Secretary of the Interior. Revises provisions for Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA): (1) cost analysis for BIA-funded schools and implementation of opportunity-to-learn standards and strategies; and (2) feasibility studies concerning methods of funding such schools. Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to use certain funds for grants to BIA-funded school boards for reform planning activities. Requires a study and report on the feasibility of contracting with a private management firm to operate one or more BIA-operated schools to achieve National Education Goals and efficient use of funds. Reserves specified funds for systemic technology planning for BIA-funded schools.
Amends the Tribally Controlled Schools Act of 1988 to allow schools receiving facilities improvement and repair grants to use such funds for new construction if the tribal government or other organization provides at lease one-fourth of the total funding for such new construction. Revises provisions relating to composition of grants, payments, applicability, exceptions, problems, and disputes.
Amends the Education Amendments of 1978 to require coordination of standards for BIA-funded schools with those in State plans under the Goals 2000: Educate America Act. Provides for a contract with an Indian organization to review such BIA standards. Directs the Secretary of the Interior to revise such BIA minimum academic standards, and provide alternative or modified standards where necessary. Authorizes the tribal governing body, or the local school board designated by such body, to waive standards it deems inappropriate. Provides for assistance to school boards of contract and grant schools in implementing standards. Requires increased availability of counseling services for students in off-reservation boarding schools and other BIA-funded residential facilities. Revises provisions for school board training, funding formula adjustment, grant schools, availability, student projects, and matching funds. Sets forth a special rule for tuition payment for out-of-State boarding students who attend county schools in Richfield, Utah. Requires establishment of a system of uniform direct funding and support of all BIA-funded schools.
Amends the Higher Education Amendments of 1986 with respect to provisions for the staff of the Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development.
Amends the Tribally Controlled Community Colleges Assistance Act of 1978 to revise provisions for endowment funds.
Directs the Secretary of the Interior to study the need for alternative institutional and administrative systems at Haskell Indian Junior College to support its transition to a four-year university, and transmit study results with any appropriate draft legislation to specified congressional committees.
Part G: Cross References and Conforming Amendments - Sets forth cross references and technical and conforming amendments to various Federal laws.
Title IV: Miscellaneous - Requires the Department of Education to display amounts included in the request to offset termination of the State-operated program for the students with disabilities, under part D of chapter 1 of title I of ESEA, by this Act, in documents transmitted to the Congress explaining the President's budget request for the Special Education account.
Declares the congressional policy of encouraging States to involve parents in disciplinary actions affecting their children who display criminal or violent behavior toward others on school property.
Directs the Secretary to establish a program of grants to States for workplace and community transition training for incarcerated youth offenders. Authorizes appropriations.
Provides for local control over school violence in general, with specific procedures under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act for children with disabilities who bring weapons or demonstrate life-threatening behavior on school property.
Prohibits any LEA that receives funds under this Act from implementing a program or activity that has the purpose or effect of encouraging or supporting homosexuality as a positive lifestyle.
Prohibits funds under this Act from being used to: (1) develop materials or programs directed at youth that are designed to directly promote or encourage sexual activity; or (2) make condoms available in a public school.
Prohibits the Secretary from issuing any new final regulations to implement the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act between June 1, 1994, and the enactment of law reauthorizing such Act.
Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior, through the BIA, to establish therapeutic model demonstration schools for Indian youth attending off-reservation boarding schools. Requires a report on such demonstration schools to specified congressional committees.
Requires LEAs to conduct criminal history investigations of school bus drivers.
Authorizes a specified rate of pay for anyone appointed during calendar year 1994 to be Deputy Director of the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.
Title V: Workers Technology Skill Development - Workers Technology Skill Development Act - Directs the Secretary of Labor to award grants to eligible entities to facilitate worker involvement in developing and implementing advanced workplace technologies and practices.
Directs the Secretary of Labor, in cooperation with the Secretary of Commerce, to assist employers, employer associations, workers, and labor and worker organizations in identifying and disseminating information on best workplace practices and workplace practices assessment tools.
Title VI: Multiethnic Placement - Multiethnic Placement Act of 1994 - Prohibits an agency or entity that receives Federal assistance and is involved in adoptive or foster care placements from delaying or denying the placement of a child solely on the basis of race, color, or national origin of the adoptive or foster parent or parents involved. Permits consideration of the child's race, color, or national origin when such factors are: (1) considered in conjunction with other factors; and (2) relevant to the child's best interest.
Withholds adoption assistance funds from such an agency or entity in cases of noncompliance.
Grants any individual aggrieved by a noncomplying agency or entity the right to bring an action in the appropriate U.S. District Court.
Title VII: Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act - Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act of 1994 - Authorizes the Secretary of Energy to establish the Department of Energy Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Program to provide fellowships within the National Laboratories to outstanding elementary or secondary school teachers of mathematics or science.
Authorizes the Secretary of Energy to contract with a contractor to administer the Program. Authorizes appropriations.
Title VIII: 1994 Institutions - Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994 - Provides land-grant status for specified tribally controlled community colleges and postsecondary vocational institutions, Bureau of Indian Affairs postsecondary institutions, and the Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts (1994 Institutions).
Authorizes appropriations, in lieu of public land or land scrip donations, for such 1994 Institutions.
Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to establish a 1994 Institutions Endowment Fund. Authorizes appropriations.
Amends specified Federal law to authorize appropriations for such 1994 Institutions. Exempts such funds from matching requirements.
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to make two or more institutional capacity building grants for each of FY 1996 through 2000 to assist such 1994 Institutions. Authorizes appropriations.