H.R.2707 - Bank Enterprise Act Amendments of 1993103rd Congress (1993-1994)
Summary: H.R.2707 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)
Introduced in House (07/22/1993)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: Bank Enterprise Act Enhancements
Title II: Bank Community Development Incentives
Title III: Housing and Small Business Finance
Title IV: Credit Union Amendments
Title V: Consumer Education
Title VI: Community Development Task Force
Bank Enterprise Act Amendments of 1993 - Title I: Bank Enterprise Act Enhancements - Amends the Bank Enterprise Act (BEA) to establish the Community Development Fund, to be administered by the Community Enterprise Assessment Credit Board (created by this Act).
Requires the Fund to establish a national information clearinghouse in coordination with designated Federal agencies. Earmarks the Fund for: (1) investments and assistance to enable community development financial institutions to target distressed communities; (2) financial and technical assistance to such institutions; and (3) the clearinghouse. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 102) Amends the Bank Enterprise Act of 1991 (BEA 91) to make community development banks newly chartered under this Act eligible for community enterprise assessment credit.
(Sec. 103) Authorizes any insured depository institution located in a qualified distressed community to sell property and casualty insurance to residents and/or individuals employed within such community.
Amends Federal banking law and the Home Owners' Loan Act, respectively, to authorize a well-capitalized national bank or savings association located in a qualified distressed community to trade in securities issued by any small business located in that community.
(Sec. 104) Amends the BEA 91 to direct the Community Enterprise Assessment Credit Board to: (1) establish independent criteria for distressed rural area eligibility as a qualified distressed community; and (2) grant priority to qualified distressed communities when it allocates funds. Provides for the establishment of nonprofit, private, community development corporations whose purpose is to sponsor enterprises providing employment, housing, and business development opportunities for low- and moderate-income residents of a qualified distressed community.
Title II: Bank Community Development Incentives - Amends the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 to direct the Financial Institutions Examination Council to: (1) establish performance rating standards to assess the record of a regulated financial institution in meeting the credit needs of its community, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods; (2) list those activities and investments which qualify as community reinvestment activities; (3) establish procedures under which a regulated financial institution can obtain a written opinion on the qualification of a proposed transaction as a community reinvestment activity; (4) establish criteria and procedures for delineating the service area of a regulated financial institution on the basis of existing market conditions and the local credit needs of low- and moderate-income neighborhoods; and (5) solicit community comments before making any final determination regarding the proposed treatment of a transaction as a qualified community reinvestment.
(Sec. 204) Amends the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 to set forth expedited procedures under which a bank holding company may gain ownership or control of a community development corporation.
(Sec. 205) Amends Federal banking law and the Home Owners' Loan Act to authorize national banks and Federal savings associations, respectively, to deal in securities issued by companies located and primarily doing business in qualified distressed communities.
(Sec. 206) Amends the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 to cite circumstances under which a bank holding company may acquire enhanced passive investment interests in the shares of any company located and primarily doing business in a qualified distressed community.
(Sec. 207) Directs the Financial Institutions Examination Council to give awards annually for outstanding efforts by insured depository institutions to meet community credit needs.
(Sec. 208) Amends the Home Owners' Loan Act to modify the guidelines under which shares of stock shall be treated as a qualified stock issuance.
Title III: Housing and Small Business Finance - Amends the Federal Home Loan Bank Act to authorize Federal home loan banks to establish programs and engage in activities designed to meet housing finance and community development needs in qualified distressed communities that are unmet by the private sector.
(Sec. 302) Amends the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 to direct the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to establish separate specific goals for: (1) low- and moderate-income housing; (2) special affordable housing; and (3) housing for underserved areas.
Directs the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation to help community development organizations assist low- and moderate-income families with first-home purchases.
(Sec. 303) Amends the Home Owners' Loan Act to include among the qualified thrift investments of a savings association loans or extensions of credit for certain building projects and small businesses located within a qualified distressed community.
(Sec. 304) Amends the Small Business Act to authorize the Small Business Administration to establish a model program to determine the feasibility of developing a private secondary market for loans guaranteed under the microloan guarantee demonstration programs.
Title IV: Credit Union Amendments - Amends the Federal Credit Union Act to modify guidelines for community development credit unions to reflect this Act, including authority to invest in U.S. securities certain money in the Community Development Credit Union Revolving Loan Fund.
Title V: Consumer Education - Directs the Federal banking regulatory agencies to encourage insured depository institutions to promote educational services regarding their financial products for consumers residing in qualified distressed communities located in the service area of such institutions.
Title VI: Community Development Task Force - Directs the President to appoint a community development task force to report to the Congress on the progress made by Federal agencies and instrumentalities in implementing the policies and programs established by this Act and the BEA 91.